International Scholarly Research Notices / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prognostic Factors of Short-Term Outcome of Low Back Pain in Patients Attending Health Insurance Clinics in Sharkia Governorate, Egypt

Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the studied 349 patients according to their LBP outcome.

Baseline characteristicsGood BP outcome (202 subjects)
no. (%)*
Poor BP outcome (147 subjects)
no. (%)*
𝑃 value

(i) Sociodemographic factors

Age in years (mean ± SD) 3 7 . 4 ± 1 0 . 5 3 9 . 8 ± 1 0 . 7 0.003
Age group in years0.03

 <3052 (26) 31 (21)
 30–50122 (60)84 (58)
 ≥5028 (14) 32 (21)

Sex0.27
 Male119 (59)80 (55)
 Female83 (41)67 (45)

Education0.002
 Secondary and higher109 (54)62 (42)
 Less than secondary93 (46)85 (58)

Occupation0.004
 Professional 34 (17) 38 (26)
 Skilled69 (34)52 (35)
 Nonskilled99 (49)57 (49)

Body mass index (kg/m2)0.71
 <25101 (50)75 (51)
 25–<3081 (40)43 (29)
 ≥3020 (10)29 (20)

(ii) Lifestyle factors

Smoking0.08
 Never smoker69 (34)61 (42)
 Ex-smoker61 (30) 41 (28)
 Smoker72 (36) 45 (30)

Physical activity0.66
 Yes123 (61)87 (59)
 No79 (39)60 (41)

(iii) History of the index back pain episode

Pain grade<0.001
 Mild 45 (22)15 (10)
 Moderate125 (62)79 (54)
 Severe 32 (16)53 (36)

Pain site<0.001
 Localized106 (52)50 (34)
 Radiated96 (48)97 (66)

Pain Type<0.001
 Recent60 (30)18 (12)
 Periodic102 (50)63 (43)
 Persistent 40 (20)66 (45)

*Percent values are presented by its round.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.