Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 301325, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/301325
Research Article

The Effect of Self-Transcendence on Depression in Cognitively Intact Nursing Home Patients

1Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources HiST/NTNU, Faculty of Nursing, Sør-Trøndelag University College, 7004 Trondheim, Norway
2Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources HiST/NTNU, Department of Social Work and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway

Received 20 January 2012; Accepted 28 February 2012

Academic Editors: B. Camarena, C. Toni, and A. Vance

Copyright © 2012 Gørill Haugan and Siw Tone Innstrand. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aims. This study’s aim was to test the effects of self-transcendence on depression among cognitively intact nursing home patients. Background. Depression is considered the most frequent mental disorder among the elderly population. Specifically, the depression rate among nursing home patients is three to four times higher than that among community-dwelling elderly. Therefore, finding new and alternative ways to prevent and decrease depression is of great importance for nursing home patients’ well-being. Self-transcendence is related to spiritual as well as nonspiritual factors, and it is described as a correlate and resource for well-being among vulnerable populations and at the end of life. Methods. A two-factor construct of the self-transcendence scale (interpersonal and intrapersonal) and the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) was applied. A sample of 202 cognitively intact nursing home patients in central Norway was selected to respond to the questionnaires in 2008/2009. Results. A hypothesized SEM model demonstrated significant direct relationships and total effects of self-transcendence on depression. Conclusion and Implication for Practice. Facilitating patients’ self-transcendence, both interpersonally and intrapersonally, might decrease depression among cognitively intact nursing home patients.