Table of Contents
ISRN Pharmacology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 305645, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/305645
Research Article

Effects of Stimulation and Blockade of D 2 Receptor on Depression-Like Behavior in Ovariectomized Female Rats

Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, I.P. Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Science, 6 Emb. Makarova, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia

Received 17 November 2011; Accepted 21 December 2011

Academic Editor: M. Alkondon

Copyright © 2012 Julia Fedotova. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to explore the hedonic effects of D2 receptor agonist, quinpirole and D2 receptor antagonist, and sulpiride alone or in combination with a low dose of 17β-E2-estradiol (17β-E2) in the adult ovariectomized female rats (OVX). OVX rats of Wistar strain were used in all experiments. Two weeks after surgery rats were chronically treated with vehicle, a low dose of 17β-E2 (5.0 μg/rat), quinpirole (0.1 mg/kg), sulpiride (10.0 mg/kg), quinpirole plus 17β-E2, or sulpiride plus 17β-E2 for 14 days before the forced swimming test. We found that sulpiride significantly decreased immobility time in the OVX females. A combination of sulpiride with a low dose of 17β-E2 induced more profound decrease of immobility time in the OVX rats compared to the rats treated with sulpiride alone. On the contrary, quinpirole failed to modify depression-like behavior in the OVX rats. In addition, quinpirole significantly blocked the antidepressant-like effect of 17β-E2 in OVX rats. Thus, the D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride alone or in combination with a low dose of 17β-E2 exerted antidepressant-like effect in OVX female rats, while the D2 receptor agonist quinpirole produced depressant-like profile on OVX rats.