Table of Contents
ISRN AIDS
Volume 2012, Article ID 307917, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/307917
Research Article

Who Is Going for VCT? A Case Study in Urban Burkina Faso

1Pôle Epidémiologie et Biostatistique, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique (IREC), Faculté de Santé Publique (FSP), Université catholique de Louvain (UCL), Chapelle-aux-Champs, 30, B1. 30. 02, 1200 Bruxelles, Belgium
2Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
3Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
4Département de Santé Publique, Université de Ouagadougou, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
5CHRU Montpellier and Université Montpellier 1, Montpellier, France

Received 22 October 2012; Accepted 3 December 2012

Academic Editors: M. Luo, F.-X. Mbopi-Keou, and M. Patel

Copyright © 2012 Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT) is a key element of treatment and is essential for prevention of vertical HIV transmission. Little information is available on the uptake of VCT in Burkina Faso. This study aims to assess the prevalence of VCT in urban Burkina Faso, where the epidemic is still highly concentrated. Methods. We conducted a two-stage clustered population-based survey among 1,694 subjects living in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. After informed consent was obtained, a behavioural questionnaire was administered to participants. Results. Overall, 10.2% of individuals had used VCT, while 9% were women. Among women who had a child after the launch of the programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), only 10.4% have been tested for HIV. Almost all participants (99.3%) were aware of HIV/AIDS, and 65% knew the main methods of prevention. In multivariate analysis, older age and being married and better educated were independent factors associated with VCT. Conclusions. Despite high public knowledge and awareness about HIV, VCT uptake was still very low and PMTCT coverage was poor. New strategies are required to increase VCT uptake in urban areas, in particular among the youngest age.