Table of Contents
ISRN Pulmonology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 314583, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/314583
Review Article

Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm Diagnosis in Sportsmen and Sedentary

1Laboratoire APS et Motricité INJEPS, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Porto-Novo 01 BP 169, Benin
2Institut des Sciences du Mouvement Etienne-Jules MAREY (UMR CNRS 6233), Equipe Plasticité des Systèmes Nerveux et Musculaire, Aix-Marseille Université, Parc Scientifique et Technologique de Luminy, CC910, 163 avenue de Luminy, 13009 Marseille, France

Received 10 December 2011; Accepted 16 January 2012

Academic Editor: A. Sala

Copyright © 2012 Folly Messan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper aims to identify factors that may account for the high values and varied prevalence of exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB), which occur in the population of athletes. Journal articles, indexed and peer reviewed, published in the MEDLINE and SPORTDiscus database were screened using a computer search. Keywords as “prevalence,” “exercise,” “bronchospasm,” and “athletes” were crossed. The diagnosis of EIB based on the questionnaire or maximal decrease of ventilatory parameters was considered as inclusion criteria and selection of articles. Analysis of selected articles reveals higher values and varied prevalence of EIB (11–55%) compared to those in the general population (4–20%). Evaluation criteria of EIB are those based on the characteristics of sedentary subjects. Criteria sometimes do not seem adapted to specific sports. This paper suggests a differential diagnostic approach which takes account of both the EIB characteristics of sedentary and those of sportsmen.