Table of Contents
ISRN Agronomy
Volume 2012, Article ID 340158, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/340158
Research Article

Extraction and Characterization of Sugarcane Peel Wax

Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology (Deemed University), Nathalal Parekh Marg, Matunga East, Mumbai 400019, India

Received 10 April 2012; Accepted 11 June 2012

Academic Editors: O. Merah and M. L. Wang

Copyright © 2012 Mangesh B. Inarkar and S. S. Lele. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sugarcane peel is an agrowaste product and contains considerable amount of wax. This has a good technoeconomic potential. In view of this, the present study aims at extraction and characterization of wax from sugarcane peel. The yield of crude wax was 0.95% on dry weight basis. During Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) prominent peaks obtained at 2921.73 and 2851.64 (–CH), 1463.44 (–CH2), 1376.96 (–CH3), 1108.4 and 1170.16 (–C–O) 3395.60 (–OH), 1710.25 (–CHO), and 1736.63 (–COOH) indicate presence of alkanes, ketones, alcohols, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids, respectively. Alcohol and hydrocarbon fractions were also found by thin layer chromatography (TLC). Melting point of crude wax was observed to be 62.1°C. Molecular weight of wax was estimated to be 1706 Dalton. Composition of crude wax found using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) was alkanes (28.83%), ester (66.26%), fatty acids (4.58%), aldehyde (0.11%), and alcohol (0.22%).