Table of Contents
ISRN Polymer Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 348685, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/348685
Research Article

Influence of Acacia catechu Extracts and Urea and Gamma Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of Starch/PVA-Based Material

1Department of Environmental Science, Independent University, Bangladesh, Bashundhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Power Plant and Product Development Center, BCSIR, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Received 31 August 2012; Accepted 18 September 2012

Academic Editors: L. Averous, T. R. Chantara, S. Fakirov, and A. Mousa

Copyright © 2012 Marufa Naznin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. U. Nabar, D. Draybuck, and R. Narayan, “Physicomechanical and hydrophobic properties of starch foams extruded with different biodegradable polymers,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 58–68, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. Demirgöz, C. Elvira, J. F. Mano, A. M. Cunha, E. Piskin, and R. L. Reis, “Chemical modification of starch based biodegradable polymeric blends: effects on water uptake, degradation behaviour and mechanical properties,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 161–170, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Kiatkamjornwong, P. Thakeow, and M. Sonsuk, “Chemical modification of cassava starch for degradable polyethylene sheets,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 363–375, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Kim, “Evaluation of degradability of hydroxypropylated potato starch/ polyethylene blend films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 173–181, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Kim and S. J. Lee, “Characteristics of crosslinked potato starch and starch-filled linear low-density polyethylene films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 331–337, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. I. M. Thakore, S. Desai, B. D. Sarawade, and S. Devi, “Studies on biodegradability, morphology and thermo-mechanical properties of LDPE/modified starch blends,” European Polymer Journal, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 151–160, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y. Xu, V. Miladinov, and M. A. Hanna, “Synthesis and characterization of starch acetates with high substitution,” Cereal Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 735–740, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Z. Guohua, L. Ya, F. Cuilan, Z. Min, Z. Caiqiong, and C. Zongdao, “Water resistance, mechanical properties and biodegradability of methylated-cornstarch/poly(vinyl alcohol) blend film,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 703–711, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Cinelli, E. Chiellini, J. W. Lawton, and S. H. Imam, “Foamed articles based on potato starch, corn fibers and poly(vinyl alcohol),” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 1147–1155, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. K. Beliakova, A. A. Aly, and F. A. Abdel-Mohdy, “Grafting of poly(methacrylic acid) on starch and poly(vinyl alcohol),” Starch, vol. 56, no. 9, pp. 407–412, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Jayasekara, I. Harding, I. Bowater, G. B. Y. Christie, and G. T. Lonergan, “Preparation, surface modification and characterisation of solution cast starch PVA blended films,” Polymer Testing, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 17–27, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. Ramaraj, “Crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) and starch composite films. II. Physicomechanical, thermal properties and swelling studies,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 909–916, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Yin, J. Li, Y. Liu, and Z. Li, “Starch crosslinked with poly(vinyl alcohol) by boric acid,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 1394–1397, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Sreedhar, D. K. Chattopadhyay, M. S. H. Karunakar, and A. R. K. Sastry, “Thermal and surface characterization of plasticized starch polyvinyl alcohol blends crosslinked with epichlorohydrin,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 25–34, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Zhai, F. Yoshii, and T. Kume, “Radiation modification of starch-based plastic sheets,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 311–317, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Follain, C. Joly, P. Dole, and C. Bliard, “Properties of starch based blends. Part 2. Influence of poly vinyl alcohol addition and photocrosslinking on starch based materials mechanical properties,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 185–192, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. S. Bhatnagar, “The Wealth of India,” C.S.I.R. India, vol. 1, p. 8, 1948. View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Rahman, M. S. Hakim, and V. Ahmad, Pakistan Encyclopaedia Planta Medica, vol. 1, Hamdard Pakistan, 1986.
  19. R. A. Talja, H. Helén, Y. H. Roos, and K. Jouppila, “Effect of various polyols and polyol contents on physical and mechanical properties of potato starch-based films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 288–295, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. A. Talja, H. Helén, Y. H. Roos, and K. Jouppila, “Effect of type and content of binary polyol mixtures on physical and mechanical properties of starch-based edible films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 269–276, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. H. Chen and L. S. Lai, “Mechanical and water vapor barrier properties of tapioca starch/decolorized hsian-tsao leaf gum films in the presence of plasticizer,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1584–1595, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. F. Parraa, C. C. Tadinib, P. Poncea, and A. B. Lugãoa, “Mechanical properties and water vapor transmission in some blends of cassava starch edible films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 475–481, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  23. N. Gontard, S. Guilbert, and J. L. Cuq, “Water and glycerol as plasticizers affect mechanical and water vapor barrier properties of an edible wheat gluten film,” Journal of Food Science, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 206–211, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. J. A. Sobral, F. C. Menegalli, M. D. Hubinger, and M. A. Roques, “Mechanical, water vapor barrier and thermal properties of gelatin based edible films,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 15, no. 4–6, pp. 423–432, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. X. F. Ma, J. G. Yu, and J. Feng, “A mixed plasticizer for the preparation of thermoplastic starch,” Chinese Chemical Letters, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 741–744, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. X. Ma and J. Yu, “The effects of plasticizers containing amide groups on the properties of thermoplastic starch,” Starch, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 545–551, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Bhattacharya, “Radiation and industrial polymers,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 371–401, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Gehring, “With radiation crosslinking of engineering plastics into the next millennium,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 57, no. 3–6, pp. 361–365, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Zhai, F. Yoshii, and T. Kume, “Radiation modification of starch-based plastic sheets,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 311–317, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. Parvin, M. A. Khan, A. H. M. Saadat et al., “Preparation and characterization of gamma irradiated sugar containing starch/poly (vinyl alcohol)-based blend films,” Journal of Polymer and Environment, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1013–1122, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  31. S. Tang, P. Zou, H. Xiong, and H. Tang, “Effect of nano-SiO2 on the performance of starch/polyvinyl alcohol blend films,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 521–526, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. H. Tang, H. Xiong, S. Tang, and P. Zou, “A starch-based biodegradable film modified by nano silicon dioxide,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 34–40, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. Li, J. F. Kennedy, Q. G. Jiang, and B. J. Xie, “Quick dissolvable, edible and heatsealable blend films based on konjac glucomannan—gelatin,” Food Research International, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 544–549, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Rohn, H. M. Rawel, and J. Kroll, “Antioxidant activity of protein-bound quercetin,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 15, pp. 4725–4729, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J. Gómez-Estaca, B. Giménez, P. Montero, and M. C. Gómez-Guillén, “Incorporation of antioxidant borage extract into edible films based on sole skin gelatin or a commercial fish gelatin,” Journal of Food Engineering, vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 78–85, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. C. Gómez-Guillén, M. Ihl, V. Bifani, A. Silva, and P. Montero, “Edible films made from tuna-fish gelatin with antioxidant extracts of two different murta ecotypes leaves (Ugni molinae Turcz),” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1133–1143, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. O. Orliac, A. Rouilly, F. Silvestre, and L. Rigal, “Effects of additives on the mechanical properties, hydrophobicity and water uptake of thermo-moulded films produced from sunflower protein isolate,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 20, pp. 5417–5425, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. X. Han, S. Chen, and X. Hu, “Controlled-release fertilizer encapsulated by starch/polyvinyl alcohol coating,” Desalination, vol. 240, no. 1–3, pp. 21–26, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. Rahman and C. S. Brazel, “The plasticizer market: an assessment of traditional plasticizers and research trends to meet new challenges,” Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 29, no. 12, pp. 1223–1248, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. N. Tudorachi, C. N. Cascaval, M. Rusu, and M. Pruteanu, “Testing of polyvinyl alcohol and starch mixtures as biodegradable polymeric materials,” Polymer Testing, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 785–799, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. E. M. Teixeira, A. L. Da Róz, A. J. F. Carvalho, and A. A. S. Curvelo, “The effect of glycerol/sugar/water and sugar/water mixtures on the plasticization of thermoplastic cassava starch,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 619–624, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. S. Y. Yang, C. I. Liu, J. Y. Wu, J. C. Kuo, and C. Y. Huang, “Improving the processing ability and mechanical strength of starch/poly(vinyl alcohol) blends through plasma and acid modification,” Macromolecular Symposia, vol. 272, no. 1, pp. 150–155, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus