International Scholarly Research Notices / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Family-Witnessed Resuscitation: Perceptions of Nurses and Doctors Working in an Australian Emergency Department

Table 2

Differences in the perceptions of risks and benefits of FWR according to staff characteristics, beliefs, and experiences among doctors and nurses.

CharacteristicDoctors
n
Doctors
Mean (sd)
PNurses
n
Nurses
Mean (sd)
P

Age0.240.42
 18–39 years183.01 (.78)353.30 (0.68)
 >39 years73.41 (.67)373.49 (0.66)
Gender0.200.66
 Female72.76 (0.75)643.40 (0.70)
 Male183.26 (0.74)63.53 (0.25)
Ethnicity0.980.71
 Caucasian183.10 (0.69)673.40 (0.68)
 Other73.17 (0.98)43.53 (0.37)
Highest qualification0.030.01
 Bachelor or less  
 Postgraduate
12
13
2.75 (0.67)
3.47 (0.69)
44
20
3.29 (0.61)
3.73 (0.78)
Years in current role0.0080.88
 <6122.67 (0.64)313.44 (0.63)
 6+133.54 (0.62)403.39 (0.70)
Level of employment0.0020.16
 Junior82.48 (0.38)543.31 (0.67)
 Senior173.43 (0.70)173.66 (0.62)
Specialty certificate0.0010.01
 Yes123.75 (0.30)263.66 (0.58)
 No102.57 (0.62)443.22 (0.66)
Member of a professional body0.150.97
 Yes223.23 (0.75)413.45 (0.62)
 No22.40 (0.14)263.40 (0.74)
Times invited family presence<0.001<0.001
 Never92.43 (0.40)393.09 (0.66)
 Ever163.51 (0.63)323.77 (0.49)
Want own family present<0.001<0.001
 Yes113.82 (0.30)403.75 (0.40)
 No142.57 (0.51272.85 (0.66)
Been present for own family0.37
 Yes12.35–83.66 (0.58)
 No243.15 (0.76)633.37 (0.68)
Part of advanced directive0.240.41
 Yes123.28 (0.66)523.45 (0.61)
 No122.88 (0.79)163.18 (0.84)
Best person to decide0.290.01
 Patient or family113.37 (0.80)433.57 (0.68)
 Nurse or physician123.01 (0.72)223.13 (0.64)

*Mann-Whitney U test
sd: standard deviation
Higher risk-benefit scale scores indicate perceptions of more benefits and fewer risks
Level of employment: Junior: level 1 nurses and resident medical staff
Senior: level 2 and 3 nurses, registrars, and consultant medical staff

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