Table of Contents
ISRN Optics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 428690, 27 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/428690
Review Article

Recent Progress in Silicon Photonics: A Review

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China

Received 10 December 2011; Accepted 28 December 2011

Academic Editors: A. E. Miroshnichenko and S. F. Yu

Copyright © 2012 Zhou Fang and Ce Zhou Zhao. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the increasing bandwidth requirement in computing and signal processing, the inherent limitations in metallic interconnection are seriously threatening the future of traditional IC industry. Silicon photonics can provide a low-cost approach to overcome the bottleneck of the high data rate transmission by replacing the original electronic integrated circuits with photonic integrated circuits. Although the commercial promise has not been realized, this perspective gives huge impetus to the development of silicon photonics these years. This paper provides an overview of the progress and the state of the art of each component in silicon photonics, including waveguides, filters, modulators, detectors, and lasers, mainly in the last five years.