Table of Contents
ISRN Urology
Volume 2012, Article ID 431859, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/431859
Research Article

Use of Procalcitonin in Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis: Procalcitonin Is Not Related with Increased Serum Calcitonin

1Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Idaigaoka 1-1, Hasama-cho, Yufu City 879-5593, Oita, Japan
2Department of Urology, Saga University Faculty of Medicine, Saga 849-8501, Japan

Received 5 February 2012; Accepted 18 March 2012

Academic Editors: U. Barroso and G. J. Wise

Copyright © 2012 Ken-Ichi Mori et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To investigate whether procalcitonin (PCT) could be useful for detecting bacterial infections in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and with increased calcitonin (CT). Methods. This prospective study included 42 males and 34 females on HD. The infection group consisted of 15 patients with proven bacterial infections; the other 61 patients were designated as the noninfection group. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, white blood cell (WBC) count, immature and total neutrophil (I/T) ratio, and CT were measured at the beginning of HD, and serum PCT levels at the beginning of HD and after HD. Results. The mean CT level in the both groups was apparently higher than that of nonchronic kidney disease. Significantly higher values between the infection and noninfection groups were seen for CRP, IL-6, WBC, I/T ratio, PCT, and CT. The PCT value of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.921, which was significantly higher than the values for CRP (0.853; 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ), IL-6 (0.739; 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ), WBC (0.692; 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ), and I/T ratio (0.584; 𝑃 < 0 . 0 1 ). Conclusions. PCT was useful marker of bacterial infection in patients on HD and with increased CT. PCT levels should be determined before HD.