Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 484307, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/484307
Research Article

Monochromatic Infrared Photo Energy in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy

Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Ahmed Elzaiat St., Ben Elsaryat, Giza 12612, Egypt

Received 1 May 2012; Accepted 4 June 2012

Academic Editors: B. Dugue and A. Ozcan Edeer

Copyright © 2012 Tarek A. Ammar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetes is a very common cause of peripheral neuropathy, and there is no optimal intervention universally accepted by clinicians. Monochromatic infrared photo energy is a relatively new modality used in the United States for reducing pain and increasing circulation. This study investigated the effects of monochromatic infrared photo energy on reducing pain, improving sensation, and increasing balance in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Thirty-five patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy completed the program and were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (experimental, 𝑛 = 1 8 ) received monochromatic infrared photo energy, therapeutic exercises, and balance training. Group 2 (control, 𝑛 = 1 7 ) received therapeutic exercises and balance training. Both groups received three treatment sessions per week for 4 weeks. Outcome included pain intensity measured on a visual analogue scale, sensation measured with the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament 5.07, and balance measured with the Berg score, before and after the 12 therapy sessions (1 month after the start of the intervention). Analysis of covariance tests revealed statistically significant improvements, specifically, 𝑃 = . 0 1 , .014, and .0001, for pain, sensation, and balance, respectively, in the experimental group. Within the limitations of this study, monochromatic infrared photo energy may play a role in treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy by reducing pain, improving sensation, and increasing balance.