Table of Contents
ISRN AIDS
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 485720, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/485720
Research Article

HIV-Positive Status Disclosure and Associated Factors among Children in North Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

1Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. BOX 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
2School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. BOX 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
3School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. BOX 196, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received 1 November 2012; Accepted 20 November 2012

Academic Editors: S. Ausayakhun and B. Joos

Copyright © 2012 Digsu Negese et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. WHO and UNICEF, “Scale up of HIV-related prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment for infants and children: a programming framework,” http://www.unicef.org/aids/files/OMS_PAEDS_Programming_Frameworks_WEB.pdf, 2008.
  2. UNAIDS, WHO, and UNICEF, “Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector, progress reoprt,” Tech. Rep., UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. FHAPCO and FMoH, Guidelines For Paediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in Ethiopia, Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office Federal Ministry of Health, 2007.
  4. M. L. Newell, H. Coovadia, M. Cortina-Borja, N. Rollins, P. Gaillard, and F. Dabis, “Mortality of infected and uninfected infants born to HIV-infected mothers in Africa: a pooled analysis,” The Lancet, vol. 364, no. 9441, pp. 1236–1243, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Lesch, L. Swartz, A. Kagee et al., “Paediatric HIV/AIDS disclosure: towards a developmental and process-oriented approach,” AIDS Care, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 811–816, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. AIDS institute New York State Department of Health, “HIV clinical resource: disclosure of HIV to perinatally infected children and adolescents,” http://www.hivguidelines.org/clinical-guidelines/adolescents/disclosure-of-hiv-to-perinatally-infected-children-and-adolescents/, 2009.
  7. S. Kallem, L. Renner, M. Ghebremichael, and E. Paintsil, “Prevalence and pattern of disclosure of HIV status in HIV-infected children in Ghana,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1121–1127, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. “Disclosure of illness status to children and adolescents with HIV infection. American academy of pediatrics committee on pediatrics AIDS,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 164–166, 1999.
  9. D. Jerene, A. Næss, and B. Lindtjørn, “Antiretroviral therapy at a district hospital in Ethiopia prevents death and tuberculosis in a cohort of HIV patients,” AIDS Research and Therapy, vol. 3, no. 1, article 10, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Grubman, E. Gross, N. Lerner-Weiss et al., “Older children and adolescents living with perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus infection,” Pediatrics, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 657–663, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Cohen, C. Reddington, D. Jacobs et al., “School-related issues among HIV-infected children,” Pediatrics, vol. 100, no. 1, p. E8, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Flanagan-Klygis, L. F. Ross, J. Lantos, J. Frader, and R. Yogev, “Disclosing the diagnosis of HIV in pediatrics,” Journal of Clinical Ethics, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 150–157, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Lester, M. Chesney, M. Cooke et al., “When the time comes to talk about HIV: factors associated with diagnostic disclosure and emotional distress in HIV-infected children,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 309–317, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. Blasini, C. Chantry, C. Cruz et al., “Disclosure model for pediatric patients living with HIV in Puerto Rico: design, implentation, and evaluation,” Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 181–189, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. J. Bachanas, K. A. Kullgren, K. S. Schwartz et al., “Predictors of psychological adjustment in school-age children infected with HIV,” Journal of Pediatric Psychology, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 343–352, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Biadgilign, A. Deribew, A. Amberbir, H. R. Escudero, and K. Deribe, “Factors associated with HIV/AIDS diagnostic disclosure to HIV infected children receiving HAART: a multi-center study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 3, Article ID e17572, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. A. Mellins, E. Brackis-Cott, C. Dolezal, A. Richards, S. W. Nicholas, and E. J. Abrams, “Patterns of HIV status disclosure to perinatally HIV-infected children and subsequent mental health outcomes,” Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 101–114, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. Kmita and M. Baranska, “The process of disclosure of an HIV/AIDS problem in the family to children—an exploratory study,” Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 623–640, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Oberdorfer, T. Puthanakit, O. Louthrenoo, C. Charnsil, V. Sirisanthana, and T. Sirisanthana, “Disclosure of HIV/AIDS diagnosis to HIV-infected children in Thailand,” Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 283–288, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. J. Brown, R. E. Oladokun, K. Osinusi, S. Ochigbo, I. F. Adewole, and P. Kanki, “Disclosure of HIV status to infected children in a Nigerian HIV care programme,” AIDS Care, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 1053–1058, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. S. W. Ledlie, “Diagnosis disclosure by family caregivers to children who have perinatally acquired HIV disease: when the time comes,” Nursing Research, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 141–149, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. S. Wiener, H. B. Battles, N. Heilman, C. K. Sigelman, and P. A. Pizzo, “Factors associated with disclosure of diagnosis to children with HIV/AIDS,” Pediatric AIDS and HIV Infection, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 310–324, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  23. R. Bor, “Disclosure. Vancouver conference review,” AIDS Care, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 1997. View at Google Scholar