Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2012, Article ID 491718, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/491718
Research Article

Long-Term Multimodal Exercise Program Enhances Mobility of Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

1Posture and Gait Studies Laboratory, São Paulo State University at Rio Claro, Avenue 24A, 1515, 13506-900 Rio Claro, SP, Brazil
2UNICAMP, University of Campinas, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received 7 August 2012; Accepted 5 September 2012

Academic Editors: J. L. Leasure, K.-H. Lin, and K. Nas

Copyright © 2012 Marcelo Pinto Pereira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. W. Olanow, M. B. Stern, and K. Sethi, “The scientific and clinical basis for the treatment of Parkinson disease,” Neurology, vol. 72, no. 21, supplement 4, pp. S1–S136, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Martínez-Martín, “Impact of the cognitive impairment on the quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease,” Revista de Neurologia, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 168–172, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. R. Bloem, J. M. Hausdorff, J. E. Visser, and N. Giladi, “Falls and freezing of Gait in Parkinson's disease: a review of two interconnected, episodic phenomena,” Movement Disorders, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 871–884, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. P. L. Scalzo, I. C. Nova, M. R. Perracini et al., “Validation of the Brazilian version of the berg balance scale for patients with Parkinson's disease,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 831–835, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. A. Qutubuddin, P. O. Pegg, D. X. Cifu, R. Brown, S. McNamee, and W. Carne, “Validating the Berg Balance Scale for patients with Parkinson's disease: a key to rehabilitation evaluation,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 4, pp. 789–792, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. J. Mayson, D. K. Kiely, S. I. LaRose, and J. F. Bean, “Leg strength or velocity of movement: which is more influential on the balance of mobility limited elders?” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 12, pp. 969–976, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. A. Barbieri, N. M. Rinaldi, P. C. Santos et al., “Functional capacity of Brazilian patients with Parkinson's disease (PD): relationship between clinical characteristics and disease severity,” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. e83–e88, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  8. B. K. Schilling, R. E. Karlage, M. S. LeDoux, R. F. Pfeiffer, L. W. Weiss, and M. J. Falvo, “Impaired leg extensor strength in individuals with Parkinson disease and relatedness to functional mobility,” Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 776–780, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. Jayakaran, G. M. Johnson, and S. J. Sullivan, “Reliability and concurrent validity of the step quick turn test in older persons with a unilateral transtibial amputation,” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 798–804, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  10. L. T. B. Gobbi, M. D. T. Oliveira-Ferreira, M. J. D. Caetano et al., “Exercise programs improve mobility and balance in people with Parkinson's disease,” Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 15, supplement 3, pp. S49–S52, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Hong and B. Steen, “A population-based study on motor performance in elderly men,” Korean Journal of Clinical Geriatric, vol. 8, no. 4, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  12. B. R. Bloem, D. J. Beckley, J. Gert Van Dijk, A. H. Zwinderman, M. P. Remler, and R. A. C. Roos, “Influence of dopaminergic medication on automatic postural responses and balance impairment in Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 509–521, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. A. Obeso, C. W. Olanow, and J. G. Nutt, “Levodopa motor complications in Parkinson's disease,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 23, no. 10, supplement, pp. S2–S7, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. A. Hirsch and B. G. Farley, “Exercise and neuroplasticity in persons living with Parkinson's disease,” European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 215–229, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. Y. R. Yang, Y. Y. Lee, S. J. Cheng, and R. Y. Wang, “Downhill walking training in individuals with parkinson's disease: a randomized controlled trial,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 89, no. 9, pp. 706–714, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. A. Scandalis, A. Bosak, J. C. Berliner, L. L. Helman, and M. R. Wells, “Resistance training and gait function in patients with Parkinson's disease,” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 38–43, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  17. K. S. Lee, W. H. Lee, and S. Hwang, “Modified constraint-induced movement therapy improves fine and gross motor performance of the upper limb in Parkinson disease,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 380–386, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. D. Sage and Q. J. Almeida, “A positive influence of vision on motor symptoms during sensory attention focused exercise for Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 64–69, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R Vitório et al., “Effects of 6-month, multimodal exercise program on clinical and gait parameters of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a pilot study,” ISRN Neurology. In press.
  20. K. Tanaka, A. C. D. Quadros, R. F. Santos, F. Stella, L. T. B. Gobbi, and S. Gobbi, “Benefits of physical exercise on executive functions in older people with Parkinson's disease,” Brain and Cognition, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 435–441, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. T. B. Gobbi, “Effects of a multimodal exercise program on clinical, functional mobility and cognitive parameters of idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients,” in Parkinson's Disease/Book 6, A. Lazinica, Ed., InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  22. C. G. Goetz, W. Poewe, O. Rascol et al., “Movement Disorder Society Task Force report on the Hoehn and Yahr staging scale: status and recommendations,” Movement Disorders, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1020–1028, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. M. D. Brucki, R. Nitrin, P. Caramelli, P. H. F. Bertolucci, and I. H. Okamoto, “Suggestions for utilization of the mini-mental state examination in Brazil,” Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 777–781, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Lajoie and S. P. Gallagher, “Predicting falls within the elderly community: comparison of postural sway, reaction time, the Berg balance scale and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale for comparing fallers and non-fallers,” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 11–26, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. Vivas, P. Arias, and J. Cudeiro, “Aquatic therapy versus conventional land-based therapy for parkinson's disease: an open-label pilot study,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 92, no. 8, pp. 1202–1210, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. D. Sage and Q. J. Almeida, “Symptom and gait changes after sensory attention focused exercise vs aerobic training in Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1132–1138, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. Li et al., “Tai chi and postural stability in patients with Parkinson's disease,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 366, no. 6, pp. 511–519, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. E. Hackney and G. M. Earhart, “Effects of dance on gait and balance in Parkinsons disease: a comparison of partnered and nonpartnered dance movement,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 384–392, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. E. Hackney and G. M. Earhart, “Tai Chi improves balance and mobility in people with Parkinson disease,” Gait and Posture, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 456–460, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. A. Combs, D. Diehl, W. H. Staples et al., “Boxing training for patients with parkinson disease: a case series,” Physical Therapy, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 132–142, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. L. Huang, C. L. Hsieh, R. M. Wu, C. H. Tai, C. H. Lin, and W. S. Lu, “Minimal detectable change of the timed “up & go” test and the dynamic gait index in people with parkinson disease,” Physical Therapy, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 114–121, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. F. M. Alfieri, M. Riberto, L. S. Gatz et al., “Functional mobility and balance in community-dwelling elderly submitted to multisensory versus strength exercises,” Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 5, pp. 181–185, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. T. Tsourlou, A. Benik, K. Dipla, A. Zafeiridis, and S. Kellis, “The effects of a twenty-four-week aquatic training program on muscular strength performance in healthy elderly women,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 811–818, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. Arai, S. Obuchi, Y. Inaba, Y. Shiba, and K. Satake, “The relationship between physical condition and change in balance functions on exercise intervention and 12-month follow-up in Japanese community-dwelling older people,” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 61–66, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. J. Lee and L. S. Chou, “Detection of gait instability using the center of mass and center of pressure inclination angles,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 569–575, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus