Table of Contents
ISRN Condensed Matter Physics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 501686, 56 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/501686
Review Article

Experimental Review of Graphene

McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada H3A 2T8

Received 16 October 2011; Accepted 3 November 2011

Academic Editors: S. Bud'ko and Y. Kopelevich

Copyright © 2012 Daniel R. Cooper et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This review examines the properties of graphene from an experimental perspective. The intent is to review the most important experimental results at a level of detail appropriate for new graduate students who are interested in a general overview of the fascinating properties of graphene. While some introductory theoretical concepts are provided, including a discussion of the electronic band structure and phonon dispersion, the main emphasis is on describing relevant experiments and important results as well as some of the novel applications of graphene. In particular, this review covers graphene synthesis and characterization, field-effect behavior, electronic transport properties, magnetotransport, integer and fractional quantum Hall effects, mechanical properties, transistors, optoelectronics, graphene-based sensors, and biosensors. This approach attempts to highlight both the means by which the current understanding of graphene has come about and some tools for future contributions.