Table of Contents
ISRN Materials Science
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 513986, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/513986
Review Article

Polymers of Intrinsic Microporosity

School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3AT, UK

Received 24 September 2012; Accepted 17 October 2012

Academic Editors: Y. X. Gan and Z. Jiang

Copyright © 2012 Neil B. McKeown. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper focuses on polymers that demonstrate microporosity without possessing a network of covalent bonds—the so-called polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIM). PIMs combine solution processability and microporosity with structural diversity and have proven utility for making membranes and sensors. After a historical account of the development of PIMs, their synthesis is described along with a comprehensive review of the PIMs that have been prepared to date. The important methods of characterising intrinsic microporosity, such as gas absorption, are outlined and structure-property relationships explained. Finally, the applications of PIMs as sensors and membranes for gas and vapour separations, organic nanofiltration, and pervaporation are described.