Table of Contents
ISRN Chemical Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 526852, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/526852
Research Article

Investigation of the Catalytic Performance of a Novel Nickel/Kit-6 Nanocatalyst for the Hydrogenation of Vegetable Oil

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka-Yaba, 101017 Lagos, Nigeria

Received 19 December 2011; Accepted 16 January 2012

Academic Editors: A. Auroux and N. Homs

Copyright © 2012 M. A. Usman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Highly ordered mesoporous materials are opening the door to new opportunities in catalysis due to their extraordinary intrinsic features. In this study, Nickel was supported on highly ordered mesoporous silica (KIT-6) by the wet impregnation method, and its performance in the hydrogenation of edible vegetable oil was compared with that of Ni/Activated carbon prepared using the same method as well as with unsupported Nickel. The degree of conversion for the 50 : 50 Ni/KIT-6 was 81%, as compared to the 29% obtained with 50 : 50 Ni/Activated carbons. The conversion was found to improve with an increase in mass of supported Nickel on KIT-6 thus 20 : 80 Ni/KIT-6 and 30 : 70 Ni/KIT-6 produced conversions of 71% and 74%, respectively. Key among the benefits of KIT-6 when used as a support material is the very high surface area, open framework of the 3D bicontinuous interconnected channels, and the well-ordered mesopores which bestow on it an advanced mass transfer characteristics.