Table of Contents
ISRN Oncology
Volume 2012, Article ID 581281, 7 pages
Research Article

Preparation of 99mTc-Clomiphene Citrate as a Novel Agent for Breast Cancer Imaging

1Labeled Compound Department, Hot Lab Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo 11371, Egypt
2Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Received 29 July 2012; Accepted 20 September 2012

Academic Editors: D. E. Bassi and M. Emoto

Copyright © 2012 Ismail Taha Ibrahim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this work was to develop a novel 99mTc-labelled derivative based on triphenylethylene for breast cancer imaging. 99mTc-Clomiphene was obtained with a radiochemical yield of 94.4% by adding 99mTc to 1.5 mg Clomiphene citrate in the presence of 10 μg SnCl2 at pH 7. The optimization of the labeling yield of Clomiphene citrate, with 99mTc, is described. The reaction parameters that affect the labeling yield were studied to optimize the labeling conditions. Radiochemical purity of the final product has been verified by means of paper chromatography and paper electrophoresis. Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) as a model of breast cancer cells was injected intraperitoneally (IP) to produce ascites and intramuscularly (IM) to produce solid tumor. Biodistribution study was carried out by the injecting solution of 99mTc-Clomiphene in normal and tumor bearing mice. The uptake in ascites was over 12.5 % injected dose per gram tissue body weight, at 1hr after injection and above 12% in solid tumor. The T/NT value for 99mTc-Clomiphene complex was found to be which was higher than that of the commercially available 99mTc-MIBI. This data revealed the localization of tracer in tumor tissue with high percent sufficient to use 99mTc-Clomiphene as a promising tool for the diagnosis of breast cancer.