Research Article | Open Access

E. A. Eljamal, M. Darus, "Some Properties of Complex Harmonic Mapping", *International Scholarly Research Notices*, vol. 2012, Article ID 587689, 6 pages, 2012. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/587689

# Some Properties of Complex Harmonic Mapping

**Academic Editor:**Y. Dimakopoulos

#### Abstract

We introduce new class of harmonic functions by using certain generalized differential operator of harmonic. Some results which generalize problems considered by many researchers are present. The main results are concerned with the starlikeness and convexity of certain class of harmonic functions.

#### 1. Introduction

A continuous complex-valued function , defined in a simply-connected complex domain , is said to be harmonic in if both and are real harmonic in . Such functions can be expressed as where and are analytic in . We call the analytic part and the coanalytic part of . A necessary and sufficient condition for to be locally univalent and sense-preserving in is that for all in (see [1]). Let be the class of functions of the form (1.1) that are harmonic univalent and sense-preserving in the unit disk for which . Then for we may express the analytic functions and as

In 1984, Clunie and Sheil-Small [1] investigated the class as well as its geometric subclasses and obtained some coefficient bounds. Since then, there have been several related papers on and its subclasses.

In this paper, we aim at generalizing the respective results from the papers [2β5], that imply starlikeness and convexity of functions holomorphic in the unit disk.

Now, we will introduce generalized derivative operator for given by (1.2). For fixed positive natural , and , where

We note that by specializing the parameters, especially when , reduces to which introduced by SΔlΔgean in [6].

Let β and +,ββ.

For a fixed pair , we denote by the class of functions of the form (1.3) and such that Moreover, The classes , were studied in [2], and the classes were investigated in [3]. It is known that each function of the class is starlike, and every function of the class is convex (see [2]). With respect to the following inequalities , by condition (1.5) we have the following inclusions

#### 2. Main Result

Directly from the definition of the class we get the following.

Theorem 2.1. *Let . If , then functions
**
also belong to .*

Theorem 2.2. *If ,ββ , then
**
If and , then
*

Theorem 2.3. *Let . If , then every function is univalent and maps the unit disk onto a domain starlike with respect to the origin. If , then every function is univalent and maps the unit disk onto a convex domain. *

* Proof. *If , then for , so by the condition (1.5) we obtain
Therefore (see [2]), is univalent and starlike with respect to the origin. If , then by (1.5) we get
Hence (see [2]), is convex.

Next, let and set ,ββ. We denote The next theorem present results concerning starlikeness and convexity of functions of the class for arbitrary and , respectively.

Theorem 2.4. *If , then the functions of the class are starlike. *

* Proof. *We can check that the following inequality:
hold. If for , then in view of the inequality, the condition (1.5) and of the mentioned result from [2] it follows that is a starlike function.

Theorem 2.5. *Let . If , where , then each function maps the disk onto a domain starlike with respect to the origin. where ,βββ withββ .*

* Proof. *For , we have , let , , and let . By Theorem 2.1, the function of the form belongs to the class and we have
In view of properties of elementary functions, we obtain
Hence, [2] for any maps the onto a domain starlike with respect to the origin.

Theorem 2.6. *Let . If , where , then each function maps the disk onto a convex domain. *

* Proof. *For every we have . Further we proceed similarly as in the proof of Theorem 2.5, we have for any
Hence [2] for any maps the onto a convex domain.

Theorem 2.7. *Let . If , then
*

* Proof. * Let , of the form (1.3) and fix . Then the condition (1.5) holds, and after simple transformations we obtain
Since , we have
Hence,
that is, the upper estimate.

The lower estimate follows from (2.13) and the inequality:

*Remark 2.8. *Other works related to harmonic analytic functions can be read in [7β13].

#### Acknowledgment

The work here was supported by UKM-ST-06-FRGS0244-2010.

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2012 E. A. Eljamal and M. Darus. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.