Table of Contents
ISRN Metallurgy
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 590792, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/590792
Research Article

A Kinetic Model for Tribological Surface Transformations Occuring on the Railroads: Irreversible Near-Surface Metallurgical Transformations

LMA UPR 7051, CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université, 13331 Marseille Cedex 03, France

Received 19 July 2012; Accepted 9 September 2012

Academic Editors: A. Chrysanthou, C. Panagopoulos, and L. Takacs

Copyright © 2012 G. Antoni. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Jirásková, J. Svoboda, O. Schneeweiss, W. Daves, and F. D. Fischer, “Microscopic investigation of surface layers on rails,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 239, no. 2, pp. 132–141, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Pyzalla, L. Wang, E. Wild, and T. Wroblewski, “Changes in microstructure, texture and residual stresses on the surface of a rail resulting from friction and wear,” Wear, vol. 250-251, no. 2, pp. 901–907, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Wang, A. Pyzalla, W. Stadlbauer, and E. A. Werner, “Microstructure features on rolling surfaces of railway rails subjected to heavy loading,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 359, no. 1-2, pp. 31–43, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. W. Zhang, S. Ohsaki, S. Mitao, M. Ohnuma, and K. Hono, “Microstructural investigation of white etching layer on pearlite steel rail,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 421, no. 1-2, pp. 191–199, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Hiensch, J. C. O. Nielsen, and E. Verheijen, “Rail corrugation in the Netherlands—measurements and simulations,” Wear, vol. 253, no. 1-2, pp. 140–149, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. G. Feller and K. Walf, “Surface analysis of corrugated rail treads,” Wear, vol. 144, no. 1-2, pp. 153–161, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Saulot, Analyse tribologique du contact roue-rail—modélisation exérimentations [Ph.D. thesis], INSA Lyon, Lyon, France, 2005.
  8. W. Österle, H. Rooch, A. Pyzalla, and L. Wang, “Investigation of white etching layers on rails by optical microscopy, electron microscopy, X-ray and synchroton X-ray diffraction,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 303, no. 1-2, pp. 150–157, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. Wild, L. Wang, B. Hasse, T. Wroblewski, G. Goerigk, and A. Pyzalla, “Microstructure alterations at the surface of a heavily corrugated rail with strong ripple formation,” Wear, vol. 254, no. 9, pp. 876–883, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Revue Générale des Chemins de Fer, Editions Delville, no. 144, 2005.
  11. R. I. Carroll and J. H. Beynon, “Rolling contact fatigue of white etching layer: part 1. Crack morphology,” Wear, vol. 262, no. 9-10, pp. 1253–1266, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. I. Carroll and J. H. Beynon, “Rolling contact fatigue of white etching layer. Part 2. Numerical results,” Wear, vol. 262, no. 9-10, pp. 1267–1273, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. Baumann, H. J. Fecht, and S. Liebelt, “Formation of white-etching layers on rail treads,” Wear, vol. 191, no. 1-2, pp. 133–140, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Antoni, Transformation tribologique de surface: une approche thermo-mécanique [Ph.D. thesis], Université de Provence, Marseille, France, 2010.
  15. J. Lemaitre and J. L. Chaboche, Mécanique des Matériaux Solides, Dunod, Paris, France, 1996.