Table of Contents
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume 2012, Article ID 593876, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/593876
Research Article

Triggering Risk Factors of the Burnout Syndrome in Ob/Gyn Physicians from a Reference Public University of Brazil

1Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), 05303-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Department of Psychology, State University of Maringá (UEM), 87020-900 Maringá, PR, Brazil
3Department of Labor and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology, São Paulo University (IPUSP), 05508-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, São Paulo University (IPUSP), 05508-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
5Centre for Studies and Research in Psychology and Health (Nemeton), 04533-012 São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 24 October 2012; Accepted 8 November 2012

Academic Editors: C. Iavazzo and S. Palomba

Copyright © 2012 Fátima Ferreira Bortoletti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To identify the risk factors to the development of Burnout Syndrome in Ob/Gyn Brazilian physicians in four dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), professional repression (PR), dehumanization (De), and emotional distancing (EmD). Methods. A prospective cross-sectional study was realized with 48 Ob/Gyn physicians (12 lecturers, 12 attending physicians, 12 medical residents, and 12 graduate students) from Department of Obstetrics, São Paulo Federal University (UNIFESP). We used a sociodemographic questionnaire focusing on the activities (administrative, educational, healthcare, and research). We applied a Burnout Syndrome Inventory (BSI) composed of two parts: triggering factors (ISB1) and the Burnout Syndrome (ISB2). The ISB1 is composed of two scales: positive organizational conditions (POC) and negative organizational conditions (NOC). The ISB2 is composed of four scales: EE, PR, De, and EmD. Results. We observed a rate below and above average to POC and NOC, respectively. The dimensions recorded a level above average to EE, an index at the upper limit of the average to De, a median index to EmD, and a median index to PR. Conclusions. The Ob/Gyn physicians are in an area of vulnerability for the development of Burnout Syndrome due to the high level of EE and De, associated with a median index of PR. The high rate of NOC contributes to the triggering of this scenery.