Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 607697, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/607697
Research Article

Association between Overweight, Health Behaviors, and Insulin Resistance in School Children

1Department of Nutrition, Hospital Durand Buenos Aires, 1006 Capital Federal, Argentina
2School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, 1121 Buenos Aires, Argentina
3School of Medicine, University of Buenos Aires, 1121 Buenos Aires, Argentina

Received 4 November 2011; Accepted 7 December 2011

Academic Editors: D. M. Ivanovic, J. Vignerova, and A. Zaborskis

Copyright © 2012 V. Hirschler et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. A. Tanumihardjo, C. Anderson, M. Kaufer-Horwitz et al., “Poverty, obesity, and malnutrition: an international perspective recognizing the paradox,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 11, pp. 1966–1972, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. V. Hirschler, K. Buzzano, A. Erviti, N. Ismael, S. Silva, and R. Dalamon, “Overweight and lifestyle behaviors of low socioeconomic elementary school children in Buenos Aires,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 9, no. 1, article no. 17, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  3. S. S. Guo, W. Wu, W. C. Chumlea, and A. F. Roche, “Predicting overweight and obesity in adulthood from body mass index values in childhood and adolescence,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 653–658, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. M. Saland, “Update on the metabolic syndrome in children,” Current Opinion in Pediatrics, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 183–191, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  5. J. J. Reilly, E. Methven, Z. C. McDowell et al., “Health consequences of obesity,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 748–752, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. S. Freedman, D. A. Patel, S. R. Srinivasan et al., “The contribution of childhood obesity to adult carotid intima-media thickness: the bogalusa heart study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 749–756, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  7. M. Juonala, J. S. A. Viikari, T. Rönnemaa et al., “Associations of dyslipidemias from childhood to adulthood with carotid intima-media thickness, elasticity, and brachial flow-mediated dilatation in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study,” Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 1012–1017, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  8. V. Hirschler, M. I. Roque, M. L. Calcagno, C. Gonzalez, and C. Aranda, “Maternal waist circumference and the prediction of children's metabolic syndrome,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 161, no. 12, pp. 1205–1210, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  9. W. Willett, Nutritional Epidemiology, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 1998.
  10. “Dietary Guideline Advisory Committee. Nutrition and your health: dietary guidelines for Americans,” 2005, http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2005/report/HTML/E_translation.htm.
  11. J. M. Tanner, Growth at Adolescence: With a General Consideration of the Effects of Hereditary and Environmental Factors upon Growth and Maturation from Birth to Maturity, Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, UK, 2nd edition, 1962.
  12. “Composición étnica de Argentina,” http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Composición_étnica_de_Argentina.
  13. R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, S. S. Guo et al., “2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development,” Vital and Health Statistics, no. 246, pp. 1–190, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Falkner, S. R. Daniels, J. T. Flynn et al., “The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents,” Pediatrics, vol. 114, no. 2 III, pp. 555–576, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. S. Cook, M. Weitzman, P. Auinger, M. Nguyen, and W. H. Dietz, “Prevalence of a metabolic syndrome phenotype in adolescents,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 8, pp. 821–827, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  16. D. R. Matthews, J. P. Hosker, A. S. Rudenski, B. A. Naylor, D. F. Treacher, and R. C. Turner, “Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and β-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man,” Diabetologia, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 412–419, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  17. D. Young-Hyman, D. G. Schlundt, L. Herman, F. De Luca, and D. Counts, “Evaluation of the insulin resistance syndrome in 5- to 10-year-old overweight/obese African-American children,” Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1359–1364, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. A. Mcauley, S. M. Williams, J. I. Mann et al., “Diagnosing insulin resistance in the general population,” Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 460–464, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, L. R. Curtin, M. A. McDowell, C. J. Tabak, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999–2004,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295, no. 13, pp. 1549–1555, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  20. G. Perez Gomez and F. G. Huffman, “Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in hispanic adolescents,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 444–450, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  21. B. B. Kahn and J. S. Flier, “Obesity and insulin resistance,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 473–481, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. M. G. Cali and S. Caprio, “Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in youth: an emerging epidemic disease?” Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 123–127, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  23. M. Savoye, M. Shaw, J. Dziura et al., “Effects of a weight management program on body composition and metabolic parameters in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 297, no. 24, pp. 2697–2704, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  24. M. Espeland, X. Pi-Sunyer, G. Blackburn et al., “Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 1374–1383, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  25. X. Yang, R. Telama, E. Leskinen, K. Mansikkaniemi, J. Viikari, and O. T. Raitakari, “Testing a model of physical activity and obesity tracking from youth to adulthood: the cardiovascular risk in young Finns study,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 521–527, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  26. S. E. Barlow, “Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, supplement, pp. S164–192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  27. T. A. Nicklas, C. O'Neil, and L. Myers, “The importance of breakfast consumption to nutrition of children, adolescents, and young adults,” Nutrition Today, vol. 39, pp. 30–39, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Charakida, J. E. Deanfield, and J. P. Halcox, “Childhood origins of arterial disease,” Current Opinion in Pediatrics, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 538–545, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus