Table of Contents
ISRN Emergency Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 672948, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/672948
Clinical Study

Penetrating Neck Trauma in a Level II Trauma Hospital, Saudi Arabia

1General Surgery Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35116, Egypt
2Head and Neck Surgery, Khamis Mushayt General Hospital, Khamis Mushayt Asceer Area, Saudi Arabia
3Radiology Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Received 8 August 2011; Accepted 13 September 2011

Academic Editors: F. Lateef and J. H. H. Yeung

Copyright © 2012 Wagih Mommtaz Ghnnam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Penetrating neck trauma is a unique form of trauma that is on the rise all over the world and contributes significantly to high morbidity and mortality. Design. Retrospective and prospective case series. Setting. Urban, level II trauma hospital. Patients. Patients who had sustained penetrating trauma to the neck. Main Outcome Measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, injury characteristics, and treatment outcome of penetrating neck trauma in our local setting and to suggest treatment protocols. Patients and Methods. This was a combined retrospective and prospective study of penetrating neck trauma patients who were managed at level II trauma hospital, Asceer region, Saudi Arabia, from March 2008 to March 2011. Results. A total of 49 patients were studied. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 11.25:1. Their mean age (SD) was 31.1(12.6) years. Fourteen patients were caused by stab-wound injuries. Most injuries were in zone II (83.7%). More than one-third of patients were treated conservatively. Wound exploration and debridement were the mode of treatment in the majority of cases. The mean duration of hospital stay was 6.6 days (1–18 days). Mortality rate was 12.2%. Conclusion. The present paper illustrates the difficulties of managing penetrating neck injuries in our region, Saudi Arabia.