Table of Contents
ISRN Meteorology
Volume 2012, Article ID 679120, 8 pages
Research Article

Sea-Salt Aerosol Mass Concentration Oscillations after Rainfall, Derived from Long-Term Measurements in Lampedusa (Central Mediterranean)

1Department of Geophysical, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv, Israel
2Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, 50019 Florence, Italy
3Laboratory for Earth Observations and Analyses, National Agency for New Technologies, Energy, and Economic Sustainable Development, 00123 Rome, Italy

Received 3 February 2012; Accepted 27 February 2012

Academic Editors: V. Amiridis, M. Boy, and P. Zanis

Copyright © 2012 P. Kishcha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. C. Blanchard, “The production, distribution, and bacterial enrichment of the sea-salt aerosol,” in Air-Sea Exchange of Gases and Particles, P. Liss and W. Slinn, Eds., pp. 407–454, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  2. G. De Leeuw, E. L. Andreas, M. D. Anguelova et al., “Production flux of sea spray aerosol,” Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 49, no. 2, Article ID RG2001, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. R. Lewis and S. E. Schwartz, Sea Salt Aerosol Production: Mechanisms, Methods, Measurements, and Models—A Critical Review, AGU, Washington, DC, USA, 2004.
  4. C. D. O'Dowd, M. H. Smith, I. E. Consterdine, and J. A. Lowe, “Marine aerosol, sea-salt, and the marine sulphur cycle: a short review,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 73–80, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Warneck, Chemistry of the Natural Atmosphere, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1988.
  6. A. D. Clarke, S. R. Owens, and J. Zhou, “An ultrafine sea-salt flux from breaking waves: implications for cloud condensation nuclei in the remote marine atmosphere,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 111, no. 6, Article ID D06202, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Giorgi and W. L. Chameides, “The rainout parameterization in a photochemical model,” Journal of Geophical Research, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 7872–7880, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Giorgi and W. L. Chameides, “Rainout lifetimes of highly soluble aerosols and gases as inferred from simulations with a general circulation model,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 91, no. D13, pp. 14367–14376, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  9. H. A. Panofsky and G. W. Brier, Some Applications of Statistics to Meteorology, Mineral Industries Extension Services, College of Mineral Industries, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa, USA, 1968.
  10. C. F. Pérez, M. I. Gassmann, and M. Covi, “An evaluation of the airborne pollen-precipitation relationship with the superposed epoch method,” Aerobiologia, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 313–320, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Clarke, V. Kapustin, S. Howell et al., “Sea-salt size distributions from breaking waves: Implications for marine production and optical extinction measurements during SEAS,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 20, pp. 1362–1374, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  12. H. J. M. Bowen, Environmental Chemistry of the Elements, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1979.
  13. P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, D. J. Coffman et al., “A comparison of aerosol chemical and optical properties from the 1st and 2nd aerosol characterization experiments,” Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 239–257, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. O. W. Wingenter, D. R. Blake, N. J. Blake et al., “Tropospheric hydroxyl and atomic chlorine concentrations, and mixing timescales determined from hydrocarbon and halocarbon measurements made over the Southern Ocean,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 104, no. 17, pp. 21819–21828, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Becagli, C. Ghedini, S. Peeters et al., “MBAS (Methylene Blue Active Substances) and LAS (Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonates) in Mediterranean coastal aerosols: sources and transport processes,” Atmospheric Environment, vol. 45, no. 37, pp. 6788–6801, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  16. I. Fattori, S. Becagli, S. Bellandi et al., “Chemical composition and physical features of summer aerosol at Terra Nova Bay and Dome C, Antarctica,” Journal of Environmental Monitoring, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 1265–1274, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Udisti, S. Becagli, S. Benassai et al., “Atmosphere-snow interaction by comparison between aerosol and uppermost snow layers composition at Dome C, East Antarctica,” Annals of Glaciology, vol. 39, pp. 53–61, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  18. P. Kishcha, S. Nickovic, B. Starobinets et al., “Sea-salt aerosol forecasts compared with daily measurements at the island of Lampedusa (Central Mediterranean),” Atmospheric Research, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 28–35, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. J. Huffman, R. F. Adler, D. T. Bolvin et al., “The TRMM multisatellite precipitation analysis (TMPA): quasi-global, multiyear, combined-sensor precipitation estimates at fine scales,” Journal of Hydrometeorology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 38–55, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus