Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 680587, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/680587
Research Article

Evaluation of Micromovements and Stresses around Single Wide-Diameter and Double Implants for Replacing Mandibular Molar: A Three-Dimensional FEA

Department of Periodontology & Implantology, H.K.E. Society’s S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, PIN 585 105, India

Received 3 November 2011; Accepted 15 December 2011

Academic Editors: G. V. Kulkarni and G. Sjogren

Copyright © 2012 Shrikar R. Desai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of this finite element study was to compare stresses, strains, and displacements of double versus single implant, in immediate loading for replacing mandibular molar. Materials and Methods. Two 3D FEM models were made to simulate implant designs. The first model used 6 mm wide-diameter implant to support a single molar crown. The second model used 3.75-3.75 double implant design. Each model was analyzed with a single force magnitude of 70 N in oblique axis in three locations. Results. This FEM study suggested that micromotion can be well controlled by both double implants and 6 mm single wide-diameter implant. The Von Mises stress for double implant had 31%–43% stress reduction compared to the 6 mm implant. Conclusion. Within the limitations of the paper, when the mesiodistal space for artificial tooth is more than 12.5 mm, under immediate loading, the double implant support should be considered.