Table of Contents
ISRN Pediatrics
Volume 2012, Article ID 685302, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/685302
Research Article

Risk Factors of Antibiotic Misuse for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Results from a Cross-Sectional Knowledge-Attitude-Practice Study in Greece

1Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Thessaly, 41222 Larisa, Greece
2Second Department of Paediatrics, Aglaia Kyriakou Children’s Hospital, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
3Paediatric Department, Larnaca General Hospital, 6043 Larnaca, Cyprus
4First Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, 41110 Larisa, Greece
5Department of Paediatrics, Agia Sofia Children’s Hospital, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece

Received 17 May 2012; Accepted 27 June 2012

Academic Editors: R. Bhimma, V. P. Choudhry, and G. D. Overturf

Copyright © 2012 Sotiria G. Panagakou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. L. Nordlie and B. M. Andersen, “Parents' attitudes to the prescription of antibiotics to children,” Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening, vol. 124, no. 17, pp. 2229–2231, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. C. Buñuel Álvarez, E. Fortea Gimeno, R. B. Cortés Marina, C. Vila Pablos, F. Blanch Risec, and M. Estany Delgado, “Antibiotic use in primary care. Do we know what parents think?” Anales de Pediatria, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 298–304, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. Paluck, D. Katzenstein, C. J. Prankish et al., “Prescribing practices and attitudes toward giving children antibiotics,” Canadian Family Physician, vol. 47, pp. 521–527, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. C. Pechère, “Patients' interviews and misuse of antibiotics,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. S170–S173, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Mangione-Smith, E. A. McGlynn, M. N. Elliott, L. McDonald, C. E. Franz, and R. L. Kravitz, “Parent expectations for antibiotics, physician-parent communication, and satisfaction,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 155, no. 7, pp. 800–806, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. L. Watson, S. F. Dowell, M. Jayaraman, H. Keyserling, M. Kolczak, and B. Schwartz, “Antimicrobial use for pediatric upper respiratory infections: reported practice, actual practice, and parent beliefs,” Pediatrics, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 1251–1257, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. F. McCaig, R. E. Besser, and J. M. Hughes, “Trends in antimicrobial prescribing rates for children and adolescents,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 287, no. 23, pp. 3096–3102, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Harnden, R. Perera, A. B. Brueggemann et al., “Respiratory infections for which general practitioners consider prescribing an antibiotic: a prospective study,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 92, no. 7, pp. 594–597, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Mangione-Smith, M. N. Elliott, T. Stivers, L. McDonald, J. Heritage, and E. A. McGlynn, “Racial/ethnic variation in parent expectations for antibiotics: implications for public health campaigns,” Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. e385–e394, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Bauchner, S. I. Pelton, and J. O. Klein, “Parents, physicians, and antibiotic use,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 395–401, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Total Outpatient Antibiotic Use (ATC J01) in 27 European Countries, ECDC, 2006 http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/.
  12. S. G. Panagakou, M. N. Theodoridou, V. Papaevangelou et al., “Development and assessment of a questionnaire for a descriptive cross-sectional study concerning parents' knowledge, attitudes and practices in antibiotic use in Greece,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 9, article 52, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. G. Panagakou, I. Spyridis, V. Papaevangelou et al., “Antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections in children: a cross-sectional survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of parents in Greece,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 11, article 60, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. W. Sturm, R. Van Der Pol, A. J. Smits et al., “Over-the-counter availability of antimicrobial agents, self-medication and patterns of resistance in Karachi, Pakistan,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 543–547, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Rosenstein, W. R. Phillips, M. A. Gerber, S. M. Marcy, B. Schwartz, and S. F. Dowell, “The common cold—principles of judicious use of antimicrobial agents,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 1, supplement, pp. 181–184, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. L. O'Brien, S. F. Dowell, B. Schwartz, S. M. Marcy, W. R. Phillips, and M. A. Gerber, “Cough illness/bronchitis—principles of judicious use of antimicrobial agents,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 178–181, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. F. Dowell, S. M. Marcy, W. R. Phillips, M. A. Gerber, and B. Schwartz, “Otitis media—principles of judicious use of antimicrobial agents,” Pediatrics, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 165–171, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. L. Kozyrskyj, G. E. Hildes-Ripstein, S. E. A. Longstaffe et al., “Treatment of acute otitis media with a shortened course of antibiotics: a meta-analysis,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 279, no. 21, pp. 1736–1742, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. Watson, “More than 15% of antibiotic sales in Greece are over the counter,” British Medical Journal, vol. 340, article c2143, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Plachouras, D. Kavatha, A. Antoniadou et al., “Dispensing of antibiotics without prescription in Greece, 2008: another link in the antibiotic resistance chain,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1–4, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. Al Tenaiji, J. Al Mutawa, K. Al Redha et al., “Knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards Antibiotic Use among Parents in Al Ain,” in Proceedings of the 1st Annual Student Research Symposium Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, U.A.E. University, 2006.
  22. K. Kleinman, S. Rifas-Shiman, and J. A. Finkelstein, “Correlates of parental antibiotic knowledge, demand, and reported use,” Ambulatory Pediatrics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 203–210, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  23. V. Shlomo, R. Adi, and K. Eliezer, “The knowledge and expectations of parents about the role of antibiotic treatment in upper respiratory tract infection—a survey among parents attending the primary physician with their sick child,” BMC Family Practice, vol. 4, article 20, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  24. S. R. Arnold, T. To, W. J. McIsaac, and E. E. L. Wang, “Antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infection: the importance of diagnostic uncertainty,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 146, no. 2, pp. 222–226, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. L. Braun and J. B. Fowles, “Characteristics and experiences of parents and adults who want antibiotics for cold symptoms,” Archives of Family Medicine, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 589–595, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. R. Mangione-Smith, M. N. Elliott, T. Stivers, L. McDonald, J. Heritage, and E. A. McGlynn, “Racial/ethnic variation in parent expectations for antibiotics: implications for public health campaigns,” Pediatrics, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. e385–e394, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Ladd, “The use of antibiotics for viral upper respiratory tract infections: an analysis of nurse practitioner and physician prescribing practices in ambulatory care, 1997–2001,” Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 416–424, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Kuzujanakis, K. Kleinman, S. Rifas-Shiman, and J. A. Finkelstein, “Correlates of parental antibiotic knowledge, demand, and reported use,” Ambulatory Pediatrics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 203–210, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. C. Lewis, “Fathers and preschoolers,” in The Role of the Father in Child Development, M. E. Lamb, Ed., pp. 121–142, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 3rd edition, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  30. K. Maridaki-Kassotaki, “Understanding fatherhood in Greece: father's involvement in child care,” Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 213–219, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  31. N. Thrane, C. Olesen, H. C. Schønheyder, and H. T. Sørensen, “Socioeconomic factors and prescription of antibiotics in 0- to 2-year-old Danish children,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 683–689, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. L. Kozyrskyj, M. E. Dahl, D. G. Chateau, G. B. Mazowita, T. P. Klassen, and B. J. Law, “Evidence-based prescribing of antibiotics for children: role of socioeconomic status and physician characteristics,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 139–145, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. V. Papaevangelou, A. Rousounides, A. Hadjipanagis, A. Katsioulis, M. Theodoridou, and C. Hadjichristodoulou, “Decrease of antibiotic consumption in children with upper respiratory tract infections after implementation of an intervention program in cyprus,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 1658–1661, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar