Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2012, Article ID 715743, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/715743
Review Article

Recent Advances in Biomarkers and Potential Targeted Therapies in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Department of Otolaryngology, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA

Received 22 August 2011; Accepted 26 September 2011

Academic Editor: D. E. Ziogas

Copyright © 2012 Eric J. Yavrouian and Uttam K. Sinha. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a devastating tumor of the upper aerodigestive tract with no significant change in treatment modality or improvement in survival over the last several decades. Biomarkers are important biological molecules that can be utilized in tumor detection, prognosis, and as targeted therapies. There are several important biomarkers and potential targets in the forefront, including biomarkers of tumorigenesis, signal transduction molecules, proteins involved in angiogenesis, and oncogenic viruses. The clinical applications of these biomarkers are in various states from in vitro and in vivo models, phase II and III clinical trials, to accepted modes of treatment in patients with HNSCC. Given the potential improvement in prognosis that biomarkers and their targeted therapies may have on the treatment of HNSCC, their investigation is both important and essential.