Table of Contents
ISRN Surgery
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 729086, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/729086
Review Article

Hemostatic Agents in Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery: A Review of the Literature and Critical Evaluation of a Novel Carrier-Bound Fibrin Sealant (TachoSil)

1Section of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery, Department of Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, 1025 Morehead Medical Drive, Suite 300, Charlotte, NC 28204, USA
2Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery and Islet Cell Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA 92868, USA

Received 21 May 2012; Accepted 24 July 2012

Academic Editors: J.-M. Catheline, G. Nasso, and B. H. Yong

Copyright © 2012 K. A. Simo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Despite progress in surgical techniques applied during hepatobiliary and pancreas (HPB) surgery, bleeding and bile leak remain significant contributors to postoperative mortality and morbidity. Topical hemostatics have been developed and utilized across surgical specialties, but data regarding effectiveness remains inconsistent and sparse in HPB surgery. Methods. A comprehensive search for studies and reviews on hemostatics in HPB surgery was performed via an October 2011 query of Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. In-depth evaluation of a novel carrier-bound fibrin sealant (TachoSil) was also performed. Results. The literature review illustrates multiple attempts have been made at developing different topical hemostatics and sealants to aid in surgical procedures. In HPB surgery, efforts have been directed at decreasing bleeding, biliary leakage, and pancreatic fistula. Conflicting scientific evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of these agents. Critical evaluation of the literature demonstrates TachoSil is a valuable tool in achieving hemostasis, and possibly biliostasis and pancreatic fistula prevention. Conclusion. While progress has been made in topical hemostatics for HPB surgery, an ideal agent has not yet been identified. TachoSil is promising, but larger randomized, controlled clinical trials are required to more fully evaluate its efficacy in reducing bleeding, biliary leakage, and pancreatic fistulas in HPB surgery.