Table of Contents
ISRN Civil Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 730862, 10 pages
Research Article

Evolution of Durable High-Strength Flowable Mortar Reinforced with Hybrid Fibers

1Building and Construction Department, Technical College of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
2School of Housing, Building and Planning, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia

Received 17 February 2012; Accepted 22 April 2012

Academic Editors: P. J. S. Cruz, M. Maslehuddin, and I. Raftoyiannis

Copyright © 2012 Eethar Thanon Dawood and Mahyuddin Ramli. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The production and use of durable materials in construction are considered as one of the most challenging things for the professional engineers. Therefore, this research was conducted to investigate the mechanical properties and the durability by using of different percentages of steel fiber with high-strength flowable mortar (HSFM) and also the use of the hybridization of steel fibers, palm fibers, and synthetic fiber (Barchip). Different experimental tests (compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, flexural strength, and static modulus of elasticity among others) were determined after 90 days of normal water curing and 180 days of seawater exposure. The results indicate that hybrid fibers of 1.5% steel fibers + 0.25% palm fibers + 0.25% Barchip fibers provide significant improvement in the different mechanical properties of HSFM. Besides, the hybridization of fibers was found to be effective in the terms of durability (exposure to seawater). Therefore, the minimum reduction in static modulus of elasticity, compressive, splitting and flexural strength was obtained for the HSFM mixes of hybrid fibers using steel fibers with palm fibers and also for the use of steel, palm, and Barchip fibers.