Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 748758, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/748758
Clinical Study

Comparison of the Anterior Limit of the Dentition in Patients Treated with Self-Ligating Straight-Wire, Conventional Straight-Wire and Standard Edgewise Appliances

Postgraduate School of Orthodontics of Ferrara, Ferrara University, via Montebello, 31 Ferrara 44100, Italy

Received 20 March 2012; Accepted 26 April 2012

Academic Editors: C. Lekic and D. Wray

Copyright © 2012 Luca Lombardo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify and compare any differences in the position of the anterior limit of the dentition provoked by three different types of orthodontic mechanics: traditional edgewise, straightwire and self-ligating. A sample of 54 patients (selected from a group of 289 patients) possessed a range of Little’s Irregularity Index values for the upper and lower dental arches between a minimum of 6.5 and a maximum of 13.5 at T0, and corresponding final values no greater than 2 and hence of minimal irregularity. The 54 patients were subdivided into three groups according to the type of brackets used in their treatment: Group 1 was composed of 24 patients treated using the self-ligating technique, Group 2 of 15 patients treated using a conventional straight-wire technique (Roth) and Group 3 of 15 patients treated using the standard edgewise technique. Cephalometric tracings were performed on laterolateral teleradiography. Group 1 value was found to be nonsignificant, whereas significant labial inclination was noted in Groups 2 and 3 ( ๐‘ƒ < 0 . 0 5 ). A significant labial inclination of the upper incisors was also evidenced in all three sample groups.