International Scholarly Research Notices / 2012 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Mortality and Survival Rates after Elective Hepatic Surgery in a Low-Volume Centre Are Comparable to Those of High-Volume Centres

Table 3

Complications of 290 liver resections classified according the Clavien system.

GradesComplicationsFrequency

Grade  1 ( 𝑛 = 5 ; 1.7%)Dyspnoea1
Mild pleural effusion treated conservatively4
Grade  2 ( 𝑛 = 2 2 ; 7.6%)Pneumonia requiring antibiotics17
Wound infection requiring antibiotics5
Grade  3(a) ( 𝑛 = 2 ; 0.7%)Pleural effusion requiring thoracic drainage1
Gastrointestinal complications treated conservatively1
Grade  3(b) ( 𝑛 = 3 5 ; 12.1%)Postoperative surgical bleeding requiring relaparotomy7
Intraabdominal abscess/biloma requiring surgery14
Wound rupture/wound infection requiring surgery3
Gastrointestinal complications requiring relaparotomy (ileus, anastomotic leakage)11
Grade  4(a) ( 𝑛 = 6 ; 2.1%)Liver failure3
Serious cardiovascular complications3
Grade  4(b) ( 𝑛 = 1 ; 0.3%)Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/Sepsis1
Grade  5 ( 𝑛 = 4 ; 1.4%)Death within 30 days after surgery4