Table of Contents
ISRN Machine Vision
Volume 2012, Article ID 810304, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2012/810304
Research Article

Wavelet-Based Multiscale Adaptive LBP with Directional Statistical Features for Recognizing Artificial Faces

1Computer Engineering and Computer Science, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA
2Department of Mathematics, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom, Menoufia 32511, Egypt

Received 21 August 2012; Accepted 29 September 2012

Academic Editors: E. Y. Du and D. P. Mukherjee

Copyright © 2012 Abdallah A. Mohamed and Roman V. Yampolskiy. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Z. Guo, L. Zhang, D. Zhang, and X. Mou, “Hierarchical multiscale LBP for face and palmprint recognition,” in Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '10), pp. 4521–4524, Hong Kong, China, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. L. Gavrilova and R. V. Yampolskiy, “Applying biometric principles to avatar recognition,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW '10), pp. 179–186, Singapore, October 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. N. Oursler, M. Price, and R. V. Yampolskiy, “Parameterized generation of avatar face dataset,” in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Games: AI, Animation, Mobile, Interactive Multimedia, Educational & Serious Games (CGAMES '09), Louisville, KY, USA, 2009.
  4. D. Nood and J. Attema, “The Second Life of Virtual Reality,” 2008, http://www.ecp.nl/sites/default/files/EPN_report_-The_Second_Life_of_Virtual_Reality_-_2006_October.pdf.
  5. M. A. Turk and A. P. Pentland, “Face recognition using eigenfaces,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 586–591, Maui, HI, USA, June 1991. View at Scopus
  6. J. Lu, K. N. Plataniotis, and A. N. Venetsanopoulos, “Face recognition using LDA-based algorithms,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 195–200, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikäinen, “Face description with local binary patterns: application to face recognition,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2037–2041, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Chen, Y.-H. Wang, Y.-D. Wang, and D. Huang, “Face recognition with statistical local binary patterns,” in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Machine Learning and Cybernetics, pp. 2433–2439, Baoding, China, July 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Meng, Y. Gao, X. Wang, T. Lin, and J. Zhang, “Face recognition based on local binary patterns with threshold,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Granular Computing (GrC '10), pp. 352–356, San Jose, CA, USA, August 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Yang and Y. D. Wang, “A LBP-based face recognition method with hamming distance constraint,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Image and Graphics (ICIG '07), pp. 645–649, August 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C.-H. Chan, J. Kittler, and K. Messer, “Multi-scale local binary pattern histograms for face recognition,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Biometrics (ICB '07), Seoul, Korea, 2007.
  12. Z. Guo, L. Zhang, D. Zhang, and S. Zhang, “Rotation invariant texture classification using adaptive LBP with directional statistical features,” in Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '10), pp. 285–288, Hong Kong, China, September 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and D. Harwood, “A comparative study of texture measures with classification based on feature distributions,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. A. Mohamed, D. D'Souza, N. Baili, and R. V. Yampolskiy, “Avatar face recognition using Wavelet transform and hierarchical multi-scale LBP,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA'11), pp. 194–199, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2011.
  15. A. A. Mohamed, M. L. Gavrilova, and R. V. Yampolskiy, “Artificial face recognition using Wavelet adaptive LBP with directional statistical features,” in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW '12), Darmstadt, Germany, 2012.
  16. M. Mazloom and S. Ayat, “Combinational method for face recognition: Wavelet, PCA and ANN,” in Proceedings of the Digital Image Computing: Techniques and Applications (DICTA '08), pp. 90–95, Canberra, Australia, December 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. Garcia, G. Zikos, and G. Tziritas, “A Wavelet-based framework for face recognition,” in Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV '98), pp. 84–92, Freiburg, Germany, 1998.
  18. W. Wang, F. Chang, J. Zhao, and Z. Chen, “Automatic facial expression recognition using local binary pattern,” in Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (WCICA '10), pp. 6375–6378, Jinan, China, July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, “Multiresolution gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification with local binary patterns,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 971–987, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. S. Manjunath and W. Y. Ma, “Texture features for browsing and retrieval of image data,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 837–842, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. A. Mohamed and R. V. Yampolskiy, “Face recognition based on Wavelet transform and adaptive local binary pattern,” in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Digital Forensics & Cyber Crime (ICDF2C '12), Lafayetta, Indiana, USA, 2012.
  22. Y. Raja and S. Gong, “Sparse multiscale local binary patterns,” in Proceedings of the 17th British Machine Vision Conference, Edinburgh, UK, 2006.
  23. “Second Life,” http://secondlife.com/.
  24. “Entropia Universe,” http://www.entropiauniverse.com/.