Figure 1: Biofilms (all S. aureus) in their various appearances are shown. (A) A screw recovered from an infected implant and cultivated for 2 days is shown. (B) An in vitro generated biofilm, stained purple, on a slightly nicked Kürschner wire (figure taken with permission from; Wagner et al. 2011 [48]). (C) A biofilm was cultivated on a cover slide; (a) and (b) show the top view, and (c) and (d) the side view. To the biofilm, PMN were added (b and d) stained orange (figure taken with permission from [205]).