Table of Contents
ISRN Rehabilitation
Volume 2012, Article ID 915285, 5 pages
Research Article

External Powered Orthoses for Paraplegic Subjects: A Meta Analysis Review

1Orthotics and Prosthetics, Rehabilitation Faculty of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

Received 10 January 2012; Accepted 22 March 2012

Academic Editors: K. Nas, A. Rainoldi, and H. Unalan

Copyright © 2012 Mohammad Taghi Karimi and Amir Esrafilian. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Various types of external powered orthoses have been designed to improve the function of paraplegic subjects; however it is not clear which one of them has better performance. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to evaluate the function of available external powered orthoses based on the research presented in the relevant literature. Method. An electronic search was done via the Pubmed, Embase, and ISI Web of Knowledge data from 1960 to 2010. The quality of the research studies was evaluated by use of Black and Down tool. The performances of the orthoses are evaluated based on the gait analysis, stability analysis, and energy consumption analysis. Results. Although various types of external powered orthoses have been designed to improve the performance of spinal cord injury individuals, there are a few research studies in this regard. Moreover, they have a poor quality. Conclusion. There is no research study regarding the performance of spinal cord injury subjects with the external powered orthoses. It is recommended to do clinical trial studies to evaluate the performance of these orthoses.