Table of Contents
ISRN Psychiatry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 940747, 7 pages
Research Article

Religiousness, Health, and Depression in Older Adults from a Brazilian Military Setting

1Research Department, São Paulo Medical Spiritist Association, 04520-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Department of Geriatrics, São Paulo Air Force Hospital, 02012-021 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Research Department, João Evangelista Hospital, 02340-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Department of Neurology, Federal University of São Paulo, 04021-001 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
5Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, 36036-900 Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil
6Department of Psychiatry and Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA

Received 23 April 2012; Accepted 27 June 2012

Academic Editors: A. Michael, T. Oiesvold, M. Sanches, and A. Vance

Copyright © 2012 Giancarlo Lucchetti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study aims to analyze the association between religious attendance, self-reported religiousness, depression, and several health factors in 170 older adults from a Brazilian outpatient setting. A comprehensive assessment was conducted including sociodemographic characteristics, religious attendance, self-reported religiousness, functional status, depression, pain, hospitalization, and mental status. After adjusting for sociodemographics, (a) higher self-reported religiousness was associated with lower prevalence of smoking, less depressive symptoms, and less hospitalization and (b) higher religious attendance was only associated with less depressive symptoms. Religiousness seems to play a role in depression, smoking, and hospitalization in older adults from a Brazilian outpatient setting. Self-reported religiousness was associated with more health characteristics than religious attendance.