Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 102816, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/102816
Research Article

Laser Doppler Blood-Flow Signals from Human Teeth during an Alignment and Leveling Movement Using a Superelastic Archwire

1Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, IPEN-CNEN/SP, Avenida Professor Lineu Prestes 2242, 05508-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2University of Manitoba, Faculty of Dentistry, Preventive Dental Science, Pediatric Division, D341 Dental Bldg, 790 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3E 0W2

Received 12 July 2013; Accepted 5 August 2013

Academic Editors: C. Lekic, L. Levin, and D. Wray

Copyright © 2013 Alvaro Wagner Rodrigues Salles et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. Vandevska-Radunovic, “Neural modulation of inflammatory reactions in dental tissues incident to orthodontic tooth movement. A review of the literature,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 231–247, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. A. Villa, G. Oberti, C. A. Moncada et al., “Pulp-dentine complex changes and root resorption during intrusive orthodontic tooth movement in patients prescribed nabumetone,” Journal of Endodontics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 61–66, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Yamaguchi and K. Kasai, “The effects of orthodontic mechanics on the dental pulp,” Seminars in Orthodontics, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 272–280, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Oppenheim, “Human tissue response to orthodontic intervention of short and long duration,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 263–301, 1942. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Brodin, L. Linge, and H. Aars, “Instant assessment of pulpal blood flow after orthodontic force application,” Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 306–309, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. J. Barwick and D. S. Ramsay, “Effect of brief intrusive force on human pulpal blood flow,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 273–279, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Ikawa, M. Fujiwara, H. Horiuchi, and H. Shimauchi, “The effect of short-term tooth intrusion on human pulpal blood flow measured by laser Doppler flowmetry,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 781–787, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. Sano, M. Ikawa, J. Sugawara, H. Horiuchi, and H. Mitani, “The effect of continuous intrusive force on human pulpal blood flow,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 159–166, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Mcdonald and T. R. Pitt Ford, “Blood flow changes in permanent maxillary canines during retraction,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Vongsavan and B. Matthews, “Some aspects of the use of laser Doppler flow meters for recording tissue blood flow,” Experimental Physiology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. C. Setzer, P. Challagulla, S. H. H. Kataoka, and M. Trope, “Effect of tooth isolation on laser Doppler readings,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 1–6, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. R. Hemingway, R. L. Williams, J. A. Hunt, and S. J. Rudge, “The influence of bracket type on the force delivery of Ni-Ti archwires,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 233–241, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. J. Heyeraas and I. Kvinnsland, “Tissue pressure and blood flow in pulpal inflammation,” Proceedings of the Finnish Dental Society, vol. 88, pp. 393–401, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. J. Heyeraas and E. Berggreen, “Interstitial fluid pressure in normal and inflamed pulp,” Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 328–336, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Sander, F. M. Sander, and F. G. Sander, “The behaviour of the periodontal ligament is influencing the use of new treatment tools,” Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 706–711, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Noda, Y. Nakamura, K. Kogure, and Y. Nomura, “Morphological changes in the rat periodontal ligament and its vascularity after experimental tooth movement using superelastic forces,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 37–45, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Packman, I. Shoher, and R. S. Stein, “Vascular responses in the human periodontal ligament and alveolar bone detected by photoelectric plethysmography: the effect of force application to the tooth,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 194–200, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Gaengler and K. Merte, “Effects of force application on periodontal blood circulation. A vital microscopic study in rats,” Journal of Periodontal Research, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 86–92, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Soo-Ampon, N. Vongsavan, M. Soo-Ampon, S. Chuckpaiwong, and B. Matthews, “The sources of laser Doppler blood-flow signals recorded from human teeth,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 353–360, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Jafarzadeh, “Laser Doppler flowmetry in endodontics,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 476–490, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Kijsamanmith, S. Timpawat, N. Vongsavan, and B. Matthews, “Pulpal blood flow recorded from human premolar teeth with a laser Doppler flow meter using either red or infrared light,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 629–633, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Hartmann, J. Azérad, and Y. Boucher, “Environmental effects on laser Doppler pulpal blood-flow measurements in man,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 333–339, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Mesaros, M. Trope, W. Maixner, and E. J. Burkes, “Comparison of two laser Doppler systems on the measurement of blood flow of premolar teeth under different pulpal conditions,” International Endodontic Journal, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 167–174, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. Vongsavan and B. Matthews, “Experiments in pigs on the sources of laser Doppler blood-flow signals recorded from teeth,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 97–103, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. D. A. Baab, P. A. Oberg, and G. A. Holloway, “Gingival blood flow measured with a laser doppler flowmeter,” Journal of Periodontal Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 73–85, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. Patiño-Marín, F. Martínez, J. P. Loyola-Rodríguez, E. Tenorio-Govea, M. D. Brito-Orta, and M. Rodríguez-Martínez, “A novel procedure for evaluating gingival perfusion status using laser-Doppler flowmetry,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 231–237, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. M. Roebuck, D. J. P. Evans, D. Stirrups, and R. Strang, “The effect of wavelength, bandwidth, and probe design and position on assessing the vitality of anterior teeth with laser Doppler flowmetry,” International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 213–220, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Yamaguchi, R. S. Nanda, and T. Kawata, “Effect of orthodontic forces on blood flow in human gingiva,” Angle Orthodontist, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 193–203, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus