Table of Contents
ISRN Biodiversity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 124103, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/124103
Research Article

Status, Diversity, and Traditional Uses of Homestead Gardens in Northern Bangladesh: A Means of Sustainable Biodiversity Conservation

Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), Hasina De Palace, House No. 6/14, Block No. A, Lalmatia, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh

Received 29 March 2013; Accepted 26 May 2013

Academic Editors: I. Bisht and H. Ford

Copyright © 2013 Bishwajit Roy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. S. Uddin, M. J. Rahman, and M. A. Mannan, “Plant biodiversity in the homesteads of saline area of Southern Bangladesh,” in Proceedings of National Workshop on Agroforestry Research Development of Agroforestry Research in Bangladesh, M. F. Haq, M. K. Hasan, S. M. Asaduzzaman, and M. Y. Ali, Eds., pp. 45–54, Gazipur, Bangladesh, 2001.
  2. M. Zashimuddin, Community Forestry for Poverty Reduction in Bangladesh in Forests for Poverty Reduction: Can Community Forestry Make Money?FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, 2004.
  3. M. E. Kabir and E. L. Webb, “Can homegardens conserve biodiversity in Bangladesh?” Biotropica, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 95–103, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. J. Southern, Acquisition of indigenous ecological knowledge about forest gardens in Kandy district, Sri Lanka, [M. Phil. Dissertation], University of Wales, Bangor, UK, 1994.
  5. M. B. Uddin and S. A. Mukul, “Improving forest dependent livelihoods through NTFPs and home gardens: a case study from satchari national park,” in Making Conservation Work: Linking Rural Livelihoods & Protected Area Management in Bangladesh, J. Fox, B. Bushley, S. Dutt, and S. A. Quazi, Eds., pp. 13–35, Nishorgo Program of the Bangladesh Forest Department and East-West Center of University of Hawaii, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  6. FAO, “Global forest resource assessment 2010: main report,” FAO Forestry Paper 163, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. D. Millat-E-Mustafa, J. B. Hall, and Z. Teklehaimanot, “Structure and floristics of Bangladesh homegardens,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 263–280, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. M. Masum, M. S. Alam, and M. M. Abdullah-Al-Mamun, “Ecological and economical significance of homestead forest to the household of the offshore island in Bangladesh,” Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 307–310, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. F. U. Ahmed and S. M. L. Rahman, “Profile and use of multi-species tree crops in the homesteads of Gazipur district, central Bangladesh,” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 81–93, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. O. T. Coomes and N. Ban, “Cultivated plant species diversity in home gardens of an amazonian peasant village in northeastern Peru,” Economic Botany, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 420–434, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. A. Withrow-Robinson and D. E. Hibbs, “Testing an ecologically based classification tool on fruit-based agroforestry in northern Thailand,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 123–135, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. O. S. Abdoellah, H. Y. Hadikusumah, K. Takeuchi, S. Okubo, and P. Parikesit, “Commercialization of homegardens in an Indonesian village: vegetation composition and functional changes,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. E. Méndez, R. Lok, and E. Somarriba, “Interdisciplinary analysis of homegardens in Nicaragua: micro-zonation, plant use and socioeconomic importance,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 85–96, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. R. Vogl and B. Vogl-Lukasser, “Tradition, dynamics and sustainability of plant species composition and management in homegardens on organic and non-organic small scale farms in Alpine Eastern Tyrol, Austria,” Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 349–366, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Hemp, “The banana forests of Kilimanjaro: biodiversity and conservation of the Chagga homegardens,” Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1193–1217, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. K. Das, List of Bangladesh Village Tree Species, Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh, 1990.
  17. M. M. Hassan and A. H. Mazumdar, “An exploratory survey of trees on homestead and waste land of Bangladesh,” ADAB News, pp. 26–32, 1990.
  18. M. K. Alam and M. Mohiuddin, Some Potential Multipurpose Trees For Homesteads in Bangladesh, vol. 2 of Agroforestry Information Series, Winrock International, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1992, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC).
  19. M. K. Alam, M. Mohiuddin, and S. R. Basak, “Village trees in Bangladesh: diversity and economic aspects,” Bangladesh Journal of Forest Science, vol. 25, no. 1–2, pp. 21–36, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. A. Khan and M. K. Alam, Homestead Flora of Bangladesh, Bangaldesh Agricultural Research Council, International Development Research Cenbtre, Village and Farm Forestry Project (SDC), Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1996.
  21. M. S. Siddiqi and N. A. Khan, “Floristic composition and socio-economic aspects of rural homestead garden in Chittagong: a case study,” Journal of Forest Science, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 94–101, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. M. Shajaat Ali, “Homegardens in smallholder farming systems: examples from Bangladesh,” Human Ecology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 245–270, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. E. Kabir and E. L. Webb, “Floristics and structure of southwestern Bangladesh homegardens,” The International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 54–64, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. U. Ahmad, “Minor fruits in homestead agro forestry,” in Agroforestry Bangladesh Perspective, M. K. Alam, F. U. Ahmed, and S. M. R. Amin, Eds., pp. 165–169, APAAN; NAWG and BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  25. N. M. Islam, Homestead garden agroforestry in Bangladesh: a case study in Rangpur district [M.S. thesis], Agricultural University of Norway, Ås, Norway, 1998.
  26. M. A. Bashar, Homestead garden Agroforestry: impact on Biodiversity conservation and household food security: a case study of Gajipur district, Bangladesh [M.S. thesis], Agricultural University of Norway, Ås, Norway, 1999.
  27. M. S. Alam, M. F. Haque, M. Z. Abedin, and S. Akter, “Homestead trees and household fuel uses in and around the farming systems research site, Jessore,” in Homestead Plantation and Agroforestry in Bangladesh, M. Z. Abedin, C. K. Lai, and M. O. Ali, Eds., pp. 106–119, BARI, RWEDP and WINROCK, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  28. G, Miah, M. Z. Abedin, A. B. M. A. Khair, M. Shahidullah, and A. J. M. A. Baki, “Homestead Plantation and household fuel situation in Ganges floodplain of Bangladesh,” in Homestead Plantation and Agroforestry in Bangladesh, M. Z. Abedin, C. K. Lai, and M. O. Ali, Eds., pp. 120–135, BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  29. M. A. Momin, M. Z. Abedin, M. R. Amin, Q. M. S. Islam, and M. M. Haque, “Existing homestead plantation and household fuel use pattern in the flood prone tangail region of Bangladesh,” in Homestead Plantation and Agroforestry in Bangladesh, M. Z. Abedin, C. K. Lai, and M. O. Ali, Eds., pp. 136–145, BARI, Joydebpur, Bangladesh, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  30. M. Millat-E-Mustafa, Z. Teklehaimanot, and A. K. O. Haruni, “Traditional uses of perennial homestead garden plants in Bangladesh,” Forests Trees and Livelihoods, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 235–256, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. M. Motiur, J. Tsukamoto, Y. Furukawa, Z. Shibayama, and I. Kawata, “Quantitative stand structure of woody components of homestead forests and its implications on silvicultural management: a case study in Sylhet Sadar, Bangladesh,” Journal of Forest Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 285–294, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. W. A. Leuschner and K. Khaleque, “Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh,” Agroforestry Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 139–151, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. A. Khan, “Social forestry versus social reality: patronage and community-based forestry in Bangladesh,” Gatekeeper Series 99, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), London, UK, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  34. R. M. Motiur, Y. Furukawa, I. Kawata, M. M. Rahman, and M. Alam, “Role of homestead forests in household economy and factors affecting forest production: a case study in southwest Bangladesh,” Journal of Forest Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 89–97, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. S. Alam and K. M. Masum, “Status of homestead biodiversity in the offshore Island of Bangladesh,” Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 246–253, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  36. S. Akhter, M. Alamgir, M. S. I. Sohel, M. P. Rana, S. J. Monjurul Ahmed, and M. S. H. Chowdhury, “The role of women in traditional farming systems as practiced in homegardens: a case study in Sylhet Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh,” Tropical Conservation Science, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 17–30, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. M. F. Rahman, “Kishoreganj Sadar Upozila,” in Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, http://www.banglapedia.org.
  38. K. U. Siddique, M. A. Islam, Z. U. Ahmed et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 11, Angiosperms: Monocotyledons (Agavaceae-Najadaceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2007.
  39. K. U. Siddique, M. A. Islam, Z. U. Ahmed et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 5, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperm, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2008.
  40. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 6. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Acanthaceae-Asteraceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2008.
  41. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 7. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Balsaminaceae-Euphorbiaceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2008.
  42. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 12. Angiosperms: Monocotyledons (Orchidaceae-Zingiberaceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2008.
  43. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 8. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Fabaceae-Lythraceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2009.
  44. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 9. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Magnoliaceae-Ponicaceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2009.
  45. Z. U. Ahmed, M. A. Hassan, Z. N. T. Begum et al., Eds., Encyclopaedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 10. Angiosperms: Dicotyledons (Ranunculaceae-Zygophyllaceae), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2010.
  46. E. P. Odum, Fundamentals of Ecology, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1971.
  47. R. Margalef, “Information theory in ecology,” General Systems Yearbook, vol. 3, pp. 36–71, 1958. View at Google Scholar
  48. P. Michael, Ecological Methods For Field and Laboratory Investigation, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, India, 1990.
  49. M. Kent and P. Coker, Vegetation Description and Analysis: A Practical Approach, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1992.
  50. E. C. Pielou, “Species-diversity and pattern-diversity in the study of ecological succession,” Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 370–383, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. A. E. Magurran, Ecological Diversity and Measurement, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 1988.
  52. S. A. Mori, B. M. Boom, A. M. Carvalino, and D. Santos, “The ecological importance of Myrtaceae in eastern Brazilian wet forest,” Biotropica, vol. 15, pp. 68–70, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  53. M. Z. Abedin and M. A. Quddus, “Household fuel situation, homestead gardens and agroforestry practice at six agro-ecologically different locations of Bangladesh,” in Homestead Plantation and Agroforestry in Bangladesh, M. Z. Abedin, C. K. Lai, and M. O. Ali, Eds., pp. 19–53, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Bangladesh, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  54. M. Millat-E-Mustafa, “Tropical Homestead gardens: an overview,” in Agroforestry: Bangladesh Perspective, M. K. Alam, F. U. Ahmed, and S. M. Amin, Eds., pp. 18–133, APAN; NAWG; BAEC, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  55. T. Abebe, Diversity in homegarden agroforestry systems of southern Ethiopia [Ph.D. Dissertation], Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 2005.
  56. O. T. Solbrig, “The origin and function of biodiversity,” Environment, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 16–38, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. P. Kumar, “Carbon sequestration strategy of Nubra Valley with special reference to agroforestry,” DRDO Technology Spectrum, pp. 187–192, 2008.
  58. P. Kumar, S. Gupta, and S. Prakash, “Carbon pool of orchards in siachen sector: socio-economic Carbon sequestration,” in Advances in Agriculture Environment and Health, S. B. Singh, O. P. Charassia, and S. Yadav, Eds., pp. 225–233, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  59. L. Christanty, O. S. Abdoellah, G. G. Marten, and J. Iskander, “Traditional agroforestry in West Java: the pekarangan (Homestead garden) and kebun-talun (annual-perennial rotation) cropping systems,” in Traditional Agriculture in Southeast Asia: A Human Ecology Perspective, G. G. Marten, Ed., pp. 132–158, Westview Press, Boulder, Colo, USA, 1986. View at Google Scholar