Table 3: Short-term outcomes of cocaine-positive and cocaine-negative patients.

Cocaine positive ( ) Cocaine negative ( ) value

ICU LOS, median (IQR)3 (2–5)3 (2–9)0.788
Hospital LOS, median (IQR)5.5 (3–21)7 (3–15)0.175
Ventriculostomy,
(%)
3 (15)25 (30)0.263
Mechanical ventilation, (%)11 (55)61 (74)0.279
Tracheostomy performed, (%)3 (15)17 (21)0.756
Mortality , (%)10 (50%)35 (43%)0.619
Allow natural death, (%)9 (53)38 (46)0.803
Compassionate wean, (%)6 (35)24 (29)0.588
Cost, median (IQR)$38233 (32696–128917)$56815 (32417–123737)0.385

ICU: intensive care unit, LOS: length of stay, IQR: 25%–75%.