Table of Contents
ISRN Sensor Networks
Volume 2013, Article ID 157409, 10 pages
Research Article

Wireless Sensor Network and RFID Fusion Approach for Mobile Robot Navigation

1School of Advanced Engineering, Waseda University, 55N-4F-10A, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan
2Smart Vehicle Technology Research Center, Korea Automotive Technology Institute, 74 Yongjeong-Ri, Poongse-Myun, Dongnam-go, Cheonan-si, Chungnam 330-912, Republic of Korea

Received 25 November 2012; Accepted 16 December 2012

Academic Editors: T.-S. Chen, K. S. Lui, and A. Olteanu

Copyright © 2013 Guillermo Enriquez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There are numerous applications for mobile robots that require relatively high levels of speed and precision. For many systems, these two properties are a tradeoff, as oftentimes increasing the movement speed can mean failing to detect some sensors. This research attempts to create a useful and practical system by combining a wireless sensor network with a passive radio frequency identification system. The sensor network provides fast general navigation in open areas and the radio frequency identification system provides precision navigation near static obstacles. By fusing the data from both systems, we are able to provide fast and accurate navigation for a mobile robot. Additionally, with WSN nodes and passive RFID tag mats, the system infrastructure can be easily installed in existing environments.