Table 3: Summary of the literature review.

Critical review
Industrial definitionsAcademic definitions
Features on PLMCimData [3]Ford Motor Company [17] Sudarsan et al. [18]Codrino [14]PLM Technology Guide [7]Active Sensing, Inc. [15]Aras Corporation [16]Garetti and Terzi [4]Stackpole [19]Rangan et al. [22]Grieves [10]Abramovici [20]Ming et al. [13]Rachuri et al. [23]Saaksvuori and Immonen [2] Schuh et al. [24]Stark [25]

Managerial
 Integrated
 Approach
XXXXXXXXXX
 Business strategyXXXXXXX
 Creating valueXXXXXX
 Design, production,
  and maintenance
  phases
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Technological
 Product
 Information
 Backbone
XXXXXXXX
 IT tools (CAX,
 PDM, …)
XXXXXXXXXXXX
 Secondary
 information
XX
 Traceability
 Long-term
 archiving
Collaborative
 Integrating people,
 process, and data
XXXXXXXXX
 SharingXXXXXX
 Within and across
 extended Enterprise
XXXXXXXXX