Table of Contents
ISRN Virology
Volume 2013, Article ID 180150, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/180150
Research Article

HIV-HBV Coinfection among Individuals Attending the ICTC of a Tertiary Care Hospital in West Bengal, India

1Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, 108 Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata 700073, India
2ICMR Virus Unit, Kolkata, ID & BG Hospital Campus, GB4, 1st Floor, 57 Dr. Suresh Chandra Banerjee Road, Kolkata 700010, India

Received 27 May 2013; Accepted 16 July 2013

Academic Editors: S. Pöhlmann and V. Yedavalli

Copyright © 2013 Jayeeta Sarkar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Hepatitis B and HIV infections are serious global public health problems. Many of the countries with high HIV burden are also affected by high prevalence of hepatitis B infection, leading to frequent HIV/HBV coinfection. Seroprevalence study is important to assess the magnitude and dynamics of disease transmission and to decide the prevention and control strategy. There is limited data of seroprevalence of HIV/HBV co-infection in West-Bengal, India. Objective. To determine the seroprevalence of HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen) positivity among HIV infected individuals attending an integrated counselling and testing centre (ICTC) attached to a tertiary care hospital in eastern India. Materials and Methods. Serum samples collected over a period of 6 months from subjects attending the ICTC were screened for anti-HIV antibodies by using rapid card tests as per the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) protocol. Serum samples found to be reactive for HIV antibodies were tested for HBsAg by rapid card test. Results. The seroprevalence of anti-HIV antibody was 17.3%. Among these samples 8.3% were positive for HBsAg. Conclusion. A high prevalence of HIV/HBV co-infection among individuals attending the ICTC in this centre is a cause for concern and warrants urgent intervention.