Table of Contents
ISRN Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 182505, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/182505
Research Article

Predictors of Postpartum Glucose Tolerance Testing in Italian Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

1Complex Operative Structure Endocrinology-Diabetology, Hospital Pugliese-Ciaccio, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
2Department of Health Sciences, University “Magna Græcia” of Catanzaro, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy

Received 3 June 2013; Accepted 30 June 2013

Academic Editors: C. Bizzarri and J. Pachucki

Copyright © 2013 Carmelo Capula et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. American Diabetes Association, “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, supplement 1, pp. S62–S67, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. K. J. Hunt and K. L. Schuller, “The increasing prevalence of diabetes in pregnancy,” Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 173–199, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. L. Lipscombe and J. E. Hux, “Trends in diabetes prevalence, incidence, and mortality in Ontario, Canada 1995–2005: a population-based study,” The Lancet, vol. 369, no. 9563, pp. 750–756, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. M. Lawrence, R. Contreras, W. Chen, and D. A. Sacks, “Trends in the prevalence of preexisting diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus among a racially/ethnically diverse population of pregnant women, 1999–2005,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 899–904, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Ferrara, H. S. Kahn, C. P. Quesenberry, C. Riley, and M. M. Hedderson, “An increase in the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus: Northern California, 1991–2000,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 103, no. 4, pp. 526–533, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  6. D. Getahun, C. Nath, C. V. Ananth, M. R. Chavez, and J. C. Smulian, “Gestational diabetes in the United States: temporal trends 1989 through 2004,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 198, no. 5, pp. 525.e1–525.e5, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. Jovanovic and D. J. Pettitt, “Gestational diabetes mellitus,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 286, no. 20, pp. 2516–2518, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. B. E. Metzger, L. P. Lowe, R. A. Dyer et al., “Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcomes,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 358, no. 19, pp. 1991–2002, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  9. O. Verier-Mine, “Outcomes in women with a history of gestational diabetes. Screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes. Literature review,” Diabetes & metabolism, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 595–616, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. P. O'Sullivan, G. Avalos, M. O'Reilly, M. C. Dennedy, G. Gaffney, and F. Dunne, “Atlantic Diabetes in Pregnancy (DIP): the prevalence and outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus using new diagnostic criteria,” Diabetologia, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 1670–1675, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Bellamy, J.-P. Casas, A. D. Hingorani, and D. Williams, “Type 2 diabetes mellitus after gestational diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” The Lancet, vol. 373, no. 9677, pp. 1773–1779, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. I. Dawson, “Glucose tolerance in pregnancy and the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 14–19, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. D. Sullivan, J. G. Umans, and R. Ratner, “Gestational diabetes: implications for cardiovascular health,” Current Diabetes Reports, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 43–52, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. B. Carr, K. M. Newton, K. M. Utzschneider et al., “Modestly elevated glucose levels during pregnancy are associated with a higher risk of future diabetes among women without gestational diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 1037–1039, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. Retnakaran and B. R. Shah, “Mild glucose intolerance in pregnancy and risk of cardiovascular disease: a population-based cohort study,” CMAJ, vol. 181, no. 6-7, pp. 371–376, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. International Association Of Diabetes And Pregnancy Study Groups Consensus Panel, “International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups recommendations on the diagnosis and classification of hyperglycemia in pregnancy,” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 676–682, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Tuomilehto, J. Lindström, J. G. Eriksson et al., “Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 344, no. 18, pp. 1343–1350, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. J. England, P. M. Dietz, T. Njoroge et al., “Preventing type 2 diabetes: public health implications for women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 200, no. 4, pp. 365.e1–365.e8, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. Saaristo, L. Moilanen, E. Korpi-Hyövälti et al., “Lifestyle intervention for prevention of type 2 diabetes in primary health care: one-year follow-up of the finnish national diabetes prevention program (FIN-D2D),” Diabetes Care, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 2146–2151, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Ogonowski and T. Miazgowski, “The prevalence of 6 weeks postpartum abnormal glucose tolerance in Caucasian women with gestational diabetes,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 239–244, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Retnakaran, Y. Qi, M. Sermer, P. W. Connelly, B. Zinman, and A. J. G. Hanley, “Comparison of National Diabetes Data Group and American Diabetes Association diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes in their identification of postpartum risk of glucose intolerance,” Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 40–46, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Committee on Obstetric Practice, “ACOG Committee Opinion no. 435: postpartum screening for abnormal glucose tolerance in women who had gestational dia­betes mellitus,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 1419–1421, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  23. C. Kim, “Managing women with gestational diabetes mellitus in the postnatal period,” Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 20–25, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. McClean, D. Farrar, C. A. Kelly, D. J. Tuffnell, and D. C. Whitelaw, “The importance of postpartum glucose tolerance testing after pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 650–654, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. E. Metzger, T. A. Buchanan, D. R. Coustan et al., “Summary and recommendations of the Fifth International Workshop-Conference on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, supplement 2, pp. S251–S260, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Tovar, L. Chasan-Taber, E. Eggleston, and E. Oken, “Postpartum screening for diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 8, no. 6, article A124, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. A. Ferrara, T. Peng, and C. Kim, “Trends in postpartum diabetes screening and subsequent diabetes and impaired fasting glucose among women with histories of gestational diabetes mellitus: a report from the translating research into action for diabetes (TRIAD) study,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 269–274, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Kim, B. P. Tabaei, R. Burke et al., “Missed opportunities for type 2 diabetes mellitus screening among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus,” The American Journal of Public Health, vol. 96, no. 9, pp. 1643–1648, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. A. Russell, M. G. Phipps, C. L. Olson, H. G. Welch, and M. W. Carpenter, “Rates of postpartum glucose testing after gestational diabetes mellitus,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 108, no. 6, pp. 1456–1462, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. V. Smirnakis, L. Chasan-Taber, M. Wolf, G. Markenson, J. L. Ecker, and R. Thadhani, “Postpartum diabetes screening in women with a history of gestational diabetes,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 1297–1303, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Stasenko, Y. W. Cheng, T. McLean, A. C. Jelin, L. Rand, and A. B. Caughey, “Postpartum follow-up for women with gestational diabetes mellitus,” The American Journal of Perinatology, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 737–742, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. Korpi-Hyövälti, S. Heinonen, U. Schwab, D. E. Laaksonen, and L. Niskanen, “How can we increase postpartum glucose screening in women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus?” Primary Care Diabetes, vol. 2012, Article ID 519267, 6 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. K. J. Hunt, S. L. Logan, D. L. Conway, and J. E. Korte, “Postpartum screening following gdm: how well are we doing?” Current Diabetes Reports, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 235–241, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. L. Hunsberger, R. J. Donatelle, K. Lindsay, and K. D. Rosenberg, “Physician care patterns and adherence to postpartum glucose testing after gestational diabetes mellitus in Oregon,” PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 10, Article ID e47052, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  35. A. K. Shea, B. R. Shah, H. D. Clark et al., “The effectiveness of implementing a reminder system into routine clinical practice: does it increase postpartum screening in women with gestational diabetes?” Chronic Diseases in Canada, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 58–64, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Stasenko, J. Liddell, Y. W. Cheng, T. N. Sparks, M. Killion, and A. B. Caughey, “Patient counseling increases postpartum follow-up in women with gestational diabetes mellitus,” The American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 204, no. 6, pp. 522.e1–522.e6, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. K. K. Vesco, P. M. Dietz, J. Bulkley et al., “A system-based intervention to improve postpartum diabetes screening among women with gestational diabetes,” The American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, vol. 207, no. 4, Article ID 283.e1-6, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  38. B. E. Metzger and D. R. Coustan, “Summary and recommendations of the fourth international workshop- conference on gestational diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 21, supplement 2, pp. B161–B167, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. Rotterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored PCOS Consensus Workshop Group, “Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 19–25, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  40. S. Kwong, R. S. Mitchell, P. A. Senior, and C. L. Chik, “Postpartum diabetes screening: adherence rate and the performance of fasting plasma glucose versus oral glucose tolerance test,” Diabetes Care, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 2242–2244, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus