Table of Contents
ISRN Radiology
Volume 2013, Article ID 204346, 9 pages
Clinical Study

A Survey of Organ Equivalent and Effective Doses from Diagnostic Radiology Procedures

1Department of Medical Physics, Grand River Regional Cancer Center, Kitchener, ON, Canada N2G 1G3
2Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1
3Cancer Center of Southeastern Ontario, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 5P9
4Department of Oncology, Queens University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 5P9

Received 15 June 2012; Accepted 10 July 2012

Academic Editors: U. Bozlar and A. Labate

Copyright © 2013 Ernest K. Osei and Johnson Darko. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The quantification of radiation risks associated with radiological examinations has been a subject of interest with the increased use of X-rays. Effective dose, which is a risk-weighted measure of radiation to organs in the body associated with radiological examination, is considered a good indicator of radiological risk. We have therefore investigated patient effective doses from radiological examinations. Organ and effective doses were estimated for 94 patients who underwent computed tomography examinations and for 338 patients who had conventional radiography examinations. The OrgDose (version 2) program was used for the estimation of effective doses. The tube potential ranges: 57 kVp to 138 kVp depending on the examination and patient size. The entrance surface doses have a wide range even for the same examination: 0.44–10.31 mGy (abdomen) and 0.66–16.08 mGy (lumbar spine) and the corresponding effective dose ranges 0.025–0.77 mSv and 0.025–0.95 mSv respectively. Effective dose for adult abdomen-pelvic CT examinations ranges 5.4–19.8 mSv with a mean of 13.6 mSv and for pediatrics ranges 2.1–5.5 mSv with a mean of 2.7 mSv. The mean effective dose for adult chest and head CT examinations are 7.9 and 1.8 mSv respectively and for pediatrics are 1.7 and 1.1 mSv.