Table of Contents
ISRN Addiction
Volume 2013, Article ID 236249, 8 pages
Research Article

Parent and Peer Influence on Recreational Use of Pain Medication: Are Their Influences Similar to That of Marijuana Use?

1Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Development, Tufts University, 105 College Avenue, Medford, MA 02155, USA
2Department of Health and Kinesiology, Dulie Bell, College Station, TX 77843, USA

Received 15 May 2013; Accepted 25 July 2013

Academic Editors: A. Benvenuti, A. L. Estrada, P. Mannelli, and F. Schifano

Copyright © 2013 Sasha Fleary et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Parent and peer disapproval were examined as potential predictors of recreational use of over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription pain medication. Risk perception was studied as a potential mediator of the effects of parent and peer disapproval. Four hundred and sixty-five college students ( , ) were recruited between September 2009 and September 2010. Participants completed an online survey about their recreational medication use, other substance use, and correlates of use. Path analyses showed that predictors of OTC and prescription pain medication recreational use are largely similar to predictors of marijuana use in college students such that risk perception mediated both the effect of parent and peer disapproval on dichotomous misuse, and peer disapproval had a significant direct effect on dichotomous misuse. Prevention interventions for recreational use of pain medication should target risk perception and peer disapproval.