Table of Contents
ISRN Public Health
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 238546, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/238546
Research Article

Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Underweight and Stunting among Adolescents of Jimma Zone, South West Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, P.O.Box 1871, Mekelle, Ethiopia
2Department of Population and Family Health, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, P.O.Box 1104, Jimma, Ethiopia
3Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Jimma University, P.O.Box 1104, Jimma, Ethiopia

Received 16 September 2013; Accepted 24 October 2013

Academic Editors: K. McLeroy and A. Rosano

Copyright © 2013 Huruy Assefa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Nutrition during adolescence plays an important role in the individual’s life. Socioeconomic status, age, sex, and mothers’ educational level are among the important determinant factors of nutritional status of adolescents. In this study, we test the competing hypotheses about the correlates of nutritional status among Ethiopian adolescents. Methods. We report a total of 2084 adolescents and univariate and multivariable linear regression were used to assess socioeconomic factors associated with underweight and stunting among adolescents. Results. Age, highest grade completed, job, and last attended in community school were positively associated with BMI for Age z-score and highest grade completed, household income, and job were positively associated with Height for Age z-score. However, male gender was negatively associated with BMI for Age z-score and male gender, last attended in community school, abdominal pain, and household size were negatively associated with Height for Age z-score. Conclusion. Age of the adolescents, gender, educational status, employment status, and type of last school attended are associated with underweight; gender, place of residence, household size, household income, educational status, employment status, type of last school attended, and abdominal pain are associated with stunting. The findings reflect socio-economic characteristics are associated with underweight and stunting.