Table of Contents
ISRN Parasitology
Volume 2013, Article ID 272701, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/272701
Clinical Study

Parasitic Infections among Children under Five Years in Senegal: Prevalence and Effect on Anaemia and Nutritional Status

1Université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar, Faculté de Médecine, Pharmacie et Odontologie, Service de Parasitologie Médicale, BP 5005, Dakar, Senegal
2Clinique des Maladies Infectieuses, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Fann, Senegal
3Department of International Health, Immunology and Microbiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen-CSS, Øster Farimagsgade 5, 1014 Copenhagen, Denmark

Received 13 August 2013; Accepted 21 October 2013

Academic Editors: S. Kamhawi and T. Skinner-Adams

Copyright © 2013 Roger C. K. Tine et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Although malaria is declining in many countries in Africa, malaria and anaemia remain frequent in children. This study was conducted to assess the relationship between malaria parasitaemia, intestinal worms, and anaemia, in children <5 years living in low transmission area in Senegal. A survey was carried out in 30 villages in the central part of Senegal. A two-level random cluster sampling technique was used to select study participant. Children <5 years were enrolled after informed consent. For each child, blood thick and smear tests were performed, haemoglobin concentration was measured with HemoCue, and stool samples were collected and examined using the Ritchie technique. A total of 736 children were recruited. Malaria parasite prevalence was 1.5% (0.7–2.6); anaemia was found in 53.4% (48.2–58.9), while intestinal parasites and stunting represented 26.2% (22.6–30.2) and 22% (18.6–25.5), respectively. In a logistic regression analysis, anaemia was significantly associated with malaria parasitaemia (aOR= 6.3 (1.5–53.5)) and stunting (aOR = 2 (1.2–3.1)); no association was found between intestinal parasites and anaemia. Malaria and anaemia remain closely associated even when malaria is declining. Scaling up antimalarial interventions may contribute to eliminate malaria and reduce the occurrence of anaemia among children.