Table of Contents
ISRN Polymer Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 284504, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/284504
Research Article

Effect of Filler Dimensionality on Mechanical Properties of Nanofiller Reinforced Polyolefin Elastomers

1Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal
2Nepal Polymer Institute (NPI), P.O. Box 24411, Kathmandu, Nepal
3Centre of Engineering, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, 06099 Halle/Saale, Germany
4Institute of Polymer Materials, Institute Associated with the University of Applied Science Merseburg, Geusaer Straße Geb. 131, 06217 Merseburg, Germany

Received 10 April 2013; Accepted 19 May 2013

Academic Editors: C.-Y. Guo, B. Hazer, and C. Liu

Copyright © 2013 Sharmila Pradhan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The object of this study has been to investigate the effect of filler dimensionality on morphology and mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites using various kinds of nanofillers (such as multiwalled carbon nanotubes (1D filler), layered silicate (2D filler), and boehmite (3D filler)) dispersed in the matrix of ethylene-1-octene copolymer (EOC), a polyolefin-based elastomer. The morphological features were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) while mechanical properties were characterized by tensile testing and depth sensitive recording microindentation hardness measurements. It has been demonstrated that the filler dimensionality may have dramatic influence on the mechanical properties of the samples. Based on the results obtained by tensile testing and microhardness measurements, the reinforcing effect of the nanofiller was found to follow the order: 1D filler > 2D filler > 3D filler.