Table of Contents
ISRN Biodiversity
Volume 2013, Article ID 319590, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/319590
Research Article

Aggressive Waves in the Lemon-Clawed Fiddler Crab (Uca perplexa): A Regional “Dialect” in Fiji

1Department of Biological Science, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07102, USA
2Department of Radiology, UMDNJ–New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07101-1709, USA

Received 8 April 2013; Accepted 8 May 2013

Academic Editors: P. De los Ríos Escalante, R. Rico-Martinez, and P. K. S. Shin

Copyright © 2013 Judith S. Weis and Peddrick Weis. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A population of the lemon-clawed fiddler crab (U. perplexa) in Fiji (island of Vanua Levu) was studied for types of communication (i.e., signaling via waving the male’s larger claw). Two types of signals were observed. In addition to the expected territorial display of a large and complex vertical wave that conveys its message over a typical distance of 10–40 cm (with large males signaling to other large males over the greatest distance), a short, rapid, and horizontal wave was typically directed over a much shorter distance, rarely exceeding 10 cm. This latter wave type, seemingly of an aggressive nature, differs from the vertically directed aggressive signal observed in an Australian population of this species and thus appears to be a regional “dialect” for this mode of communication.