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ISRN Aerospace Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 320563, 8 pages
Research Article

A Numerical and Experimental Study of the Aerodynamics and Stability of a Horizontal Parachute

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, I. A. University of Takestan, Takestan, Iran
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

Received 24 May 2013; Accepted 26 June 2013

Academic Editors: J. López-Puente and R. K. Sharma

Copyright © 2013 Mazyar Dawoodian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The flow past a parachute with and without a vent hole at the top is studied both experimentally and numerically. The effects of Reynolds number and vent ratio on the flow behaviour as well as on the drag coefficient are examined. The experiments were carried out under free-flow conditions. In the numerical simulations, the flow was considered as unsteady and turbulent and was modelled using the standard - turbulence model. The experimental results reveal good agreement with the numerical ones. In both the experiments and numerical simulations, the Reynolds number was varied from 85539 to 357250 and the vent ratio was increased from zero to 20%. The results show that the drag coefficient decreases by increasing the Reynolds number for all the cases tested. In addition, it was found that at low and high Reynolds numbers, the parachutes, respectively, with 4% vent ratio and without vent are deemed more efficient. One important result of the present work is related to the effect of vent ratio on the stability of the parachute.