Table of Contents
ISRN Education
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 327680, 19 pages
Review Article

Conceptual Integration and Measurement of Epistemological and Ontological Beliefs in Educational Research

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Nevada-Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV 89154-3003, USA

Received 4 November 2012; Accepted 2 December 2012

Academic Editors: B. Marlow and S. Thoma

Copyright © 2013 Gregory Schraw. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper examines the conceptualization and measurement of epistemological and ontological phenomena and makes recommendations for improving the conceptual framework and methodological assessment of these phenomena. I discuss the ways educational researchers have studied beliefs and how this research can be improved through a comprehensive conceptual framework and better measurement. This paper provides definitions of epistemological and ontological beliefs and world views, discusses six complementary strategies for assessing these beliefs, compares the strengths of these strategies, and provides examples of how they have been used in the research literature. This paper discusses challenges related to the development of a comprehensive theoretical framework for beliefs, as well as ways to improve measurement of these beliefs and summarizes six emergent themes.