Table of Contents
ISRN Dentistry
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 352621, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/352621
Clinical Study

Assessment of Gingival Health Status among 5- and 12-Year-Old Children in Yemen: A Cross-Sectional Study

1Department of Orthodontic and Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
2Department of Conservative, Khartoum University, Khartoum, Sudan
3Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
4Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Received 14 May 2013; Accepted 11 June 2013

Academic Editors: F. Cairo, E. T. Giampaolo, and G. H. Sperber

Copyright © 2013 Khaled A. Al-Haddad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. M. M. Jenkins and P. N. Papapanou, “Epidemiology of periodontal disease in children and adolescents,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 16–32, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. M. Albandar and E. M. B. Tinoco, “Global epidemiology of periodontal diseases in children and young persons,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 153–176, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. Clerehugh and A. Tugnait, “Diagnosis and management of periodontal diseases in children and adolescents,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 146–168, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Ainamo, “The monitoring process and its importance for achievement of the global goals for oral health by the year 2000,” International Dental Journal, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 79–89, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Hugoson and O. Norderyd, “Has the prevalence of periodontitis changed during the last 30 years?” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 338–345, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. A. Al-Haddad, N. N. Al-Hebshi, and M. S. Al-Ak'hali, “Oral health status and treatment needs among school children in Sana'a City, Yemen,” International Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 80–85, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. Baelum, O. Fejerskov, and T. Karring, “Oral hygiene, gingivitis and periodontal breakdown in adult Tanzanians,” Journal of Periodontal Research, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 221–232, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. Clerehugh, U. Laryea, and H. V. Worthington, “Periodontal condition and comparison of toothcleaning using chewing sponge, chewing sticks and toothbrushes in 14-year-old schoolchildren in Ghana,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 319–320, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. S. El-Qaderi and D. Q. Ta'ani, “Dental plaque, caries prevalence and gingival conditions of 14-15-year-old schoolchildren in Jerash District, Jordan,” International Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 150–153, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Matthesen, V. Baelum, I. Aarslev, and O. Fejerskov, “Dental health of children and adults in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa, in 1986,” Community Dental Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 123–133, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Normark and H. J. Mosha, “Knowledge, practices and dental health among rural Tanzania children,” African Dental Journal, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 24–33, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Reddy, J. R. Parker, C. W. Africa, and L. X. Stephen, “Prevalence and severity of periodontitis in a high fluoride area in South Africa,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 108–112, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Republic of Yemen: Country Social Analysis, Water, Environment, Social and Rural Development, Middle East and North Africa Region, The World Bank, 2006:77.
  14. Yemen Poverty Assessment, The government of Yemen, the World Bank, and the United Nations Develoment Program, 2007:105.
  15. Yearly Statistics Book, Central Statistical Organization, 2002.
  16. The World Health Survey (WHS), “Sampling Guidelines for Participating Countries,” World Health Organization, Lyon, France.
  17. J. Silness and H. Loe, “periodontal disease in pregnancy. II. Correlation between oral hygiene and periodontal condtion,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 22, pp. 121–135, 1964. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. P. Ramfjord, “Indices for the prevalence and incidence of periodontal disease,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 30, pp. 51–59, 1959. View at Google Scholar
  19. H. Loe and J. Silness, “Periodontal disease in pregnancy. I. Prevalence and severity,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 21, pp. 533–551, 1963. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. H. Loe, “The gingival index, the plaque index and the retention index systems,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 610–616, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Ainamo, “Epidemiology of periodontal diseases,” in Clinical Periodontology, J. Lindhe, Ed., pp. 70–90, Munksgaard, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  22. P. M. Cahen, J. C. Turlot, R. M. Frank, and A. M. Obry-Musset, “National survey of caries prevalence in 6–15-year-old children in France,” Journal of dental research, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 64–68, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. D. Emslie, “A dental health survey in the Republic of the Sudan,” The British Dental Journal, vol. 120, no. 4, pp. 167–178, 1966. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. K. Mascarenhas, “Determinants of caries prevalence and severity in higher SES Indian children,” Community Dental Health, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 107–113, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Weissenbach, N. Chau, L. Benamghar, C. Lion, F. Schwartz, and J. Vadot, “Oral health in adolescents from a small French town,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 147–154, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. N. Al-Jasser, K. Almas, Y. M. Ahmad, B. T. Ibrahim, A. Latif, and B. A. Oluyadi, “Normative dental treatment needs among primary school children in Jubail, Saudi Arabia,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 382–385, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. M. Kumar, T. Joseph, R. B. Varma, and M. Jayanthi, “Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years school going children in Chennai city—an epidemiological study,” Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 17–22, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Subrata and S. Subrata, “Prevalence and severity of dental caries and oral hygiene status in rural and urban areas of Calcutta,” Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 17–20, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. J. White, “Dental calculus: recent insights into occurrence, formation, prevention, removal and oral health effects of supragingival and subgingival deposits,” European Journal of Oral Sciences, vol. 105, no. 5, pp. 508–522, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Bjarnason and G. Koch, “Dental health in Icelandic urban children aged 11 and 12 years,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 289–292, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. Djukanović, “The prevalence of periodontal disease in children and young adults in Yugoslavia,” International Dental Journal, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 182–188, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. J. Spencer, D. Beighton, and T. J. Higgins, “Periodontal disease in five and six year old children,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 19–22, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. G. J. Truin, K. G. König, H. M. Ruiken, A. L. Vogels, and J. W. Elvers, “Caries prevalence and gingivitis in 5-, 7-and 10-year-old schoolchildren in the Hague between 1969 and 1984,” Caries Research, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 131–140, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Scapoli, D. N. Tatakis, E. Mamolini, and L. Trombelli, “Modulation of clinical expression of plaque-induced gingivitis: interleukin-1 gene cluster polymorphisms,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 49–56, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus